I. K. Mironenko-Marenkova
How could one get disappointed in a saint: the cult of Beno^it-Joseph Labre
The author analyses the documents produced at the process of the canonization of Beno^it-Joseph Labre. The article is focused on views on sainthood in Italy in 1780--90s. A good deal of attention is paid to intellectual context (Jansenism, Molinism, the Enlightenment ideas of the importance of work, common good, human dignity) as well as to institutional aspects of producing knowledge. The life of a poor pilgrim that was discussed by his contemporaries demonstrates various layers of culture in their dynamic interaction.
L. N. Brovko
Protestant theology in Germany during the years of the Nazi dictatorship
The article is focused on complicated relationship between German protestants and the Nazi regime in the 1930s. Some church leaders supported Hitler and cooperated with his government. They founded the "German Church", which presented an attempt to combine Christianity with Nazism. Other theologians joined opposition and were involved in ideological conflict with Nazi regime.
Ph. V. Petroff
The `doctrine' of soul by Cassiodorus and its dependence on St Augustine
The article analyses the structure, composition and the contents of the treatise `De anima' by Cassiodorus. It is shown that it is possible to trace textual and semantic parallels between texts by Cassiodorus and St Augustine. The divergence of their opinion on key terms, notions and main point of the doctrine of the soul is also demonstrated. The author concludes that Cassiodorus accepted those aspects of Platonism that had been absorbed not only by St Augustine but also by other 5th-century authors, both Christians (Claudianus Mamertus) and pagans (Calcidius, Macrobius). It is shown that Cassiodorus shaped the doctrine of soul in rhetorical form and made it a part of already established Christian philosophy.
D. D. Galtsin
Liberties in Massachusetts, 1661--91: dialogue of the colony and the centre
The article is dedicated to the shaping of the `liberties' of Massachusetts by its political elite in 1661--91. The author concludes that during the 30 years when the old `theocratic' regime of puritan Massachusetts was broken the contents of the idea of `liberties' in the texts written by the members of the colony's political elite had been transformed dramatically. Three main stages of transformation could be traced in the following three texts: The Conclusions of the committee of the legislative Assembly on Massachusetts' attitude to royal authority (1661), an anonymous tract `The Revolution in New England Justified' `An Apology of (1691) and the `Autobiography' by Increase Mather (1690--91). In 1680s the colonists' attitude towards central power had changed: the former began to appeal to their `liberties of Englishmen' and to the `Magna Carta'. The colonists abandoned traditional puritan political theory and the rhetoric of theology
M. S. Stetskevich
Jeremy Bentham and the Church of England
The article deals with works and ideas by a great English scholar that had been dedicated to the Church of England. Bentham believed that the Church of England needed a thorough reform since it had become a part of state machine with all its vices -- corruption and the inability to respond to social problems. This idea led Bentham to even more radical thoughts, including re-thinking of religious dogmas.
A. B. Sokolov
The History of Body: the formation of a new trend in historiography
The article defines preconditions of establishing the history of body as a field of historical research. It is shown that the history of body should be seen in correlation with such historiographical trends as new cultural history, new intellectual history, gender history, new political history. The history of body is inter-disciplinary; it could not be ideologically neutral and suggests a specific view on the nature of power.
P. I. Grishanin
Contemporary approaches in studying the White movement
The author describes the process of transition from primitive evaluations of Red and White movements in the Civil war Russia to the contemporary studies and cognitive models. New approaches take into consideration various political groups within the White movement (A. V. Kolchak, P. N. Vrangel) as well as contradictions and historical evolution in policies of various parties, groups of officers and military commanders (a combination of `national dictatorship' and liberal programme by A. I. Denikin, subconscious shift towards authoritarianism of A. V. Kolchak.
A. N. Khudoleev
Debates on the Narodniks stage of the Russian revolutionary movement in the late 1950s -- early 1960s
The debates on Narodniks' heritage within Marxism-Leninism constituted an important part of ideological struggle between conservative and liberal historians of the Soviet period. The opportunity to start debates appeared during the Khrutshev's Thaw that came after the period of Stalinist restrictions that had not allowed historians to study Narodniks as `enemies to Marxism' The debates became an important sign in the liberated atmosphere of the early 1960s but they resulted in the victory of conservatives.
L. A. Dashkevich
Seminary and seminarists
The article is dedicated to the educational structure, disciplinary rules and everyday life of seminaries in Russian Empire. The author pays a good deal of attention to the seminaries' curriculum and financial aspects of their life as well as to biographies of seminarists, and to the atmosphere of dogmatism and severe punishments. The life in seminaries was transformed during the period of reforms under Alexander II since reforms brought democratization and respect to students.
I. Yu. Vastcheva
John of Ephesus: author's personality in the context of intellectual history
The author analyses the text of the `Church history' by John of Ephesus (late 6th c.) John of Ephesus' historical concept, as well as his world system and the stereotypes and models of thinking are studied in the context of the intellectual paradigm of the Late Antiquity.
A. B. Eremenko
Ethics in Icelandic sagas: a review
The article presents a review of contemporary studies that deal with ethical models in Icelandic sagas. The author demonstrates the two main lines of interpretation -- `spiritual' and `social' ones. The former equates ethic models with self-reflection, and views religious influence as determinant. The latter sees society and its needs as a basis for ethics.
N. V. Vorobyeva
The image of Patriarch Nikon in Russian historiography
The article is focused on the image of Patriarch Nikon created by Russian historians of the 18th -- 21st cc. The problems of censorship and the inaccessibility of some archives as well as the narrow focus of studies created a phantom image of Patriarch Nikon as a dethroned anti-hero. The apologetic trend in historiography created other approaches that furthered textual studies (the use of Church Fathers by Patriarch Nikon etc.).
T. V. Pankova-Kozochkina
Historical and legal aspects of constitutive power
The article analyses constitutive power as a form of discretion power, a way out of political crisis when legal norms are not defined properly, and elites are fighting for power. Constitutive power helps to achieve social stability based on re-established and accepted principles of social justice. The author differentiates between stages in the development of constitutive power (self-legitimating and legitimating), types of legitimacy (social and legislative), and the methods of its analysis: positivist, libertarian and legalistic, civilist interpretations, legal approach.
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