Encuadernación Международный НИИ проблем управления Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ
Id: 239745
Encargo previo 14.9 EUR

Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ. №04/2018

URSS. 144 pp. (Russian). ISBN 9770234450049.
  • Rústica
Resumen del libro

Правовые механизмы и регуляторы пространственного развития. О неопределенности и риске в экономике. Перспективы инновационного развития экономики России. Лидерство в XXI веке: требования и особенности. Влияние цифровизации на кадровую политику

Encargo previo -- Los libros con este comentario no pueden ser comprados sin nuestra previa confirmación de su existencia. Por ello, el coste de los mismos no se incluye en el coste total de su pedido. En el mismo día que nos envíe su encargo le informaremos por email respecto a la existencia de dicho título, así como de su precio, coste total de su pedido completo.
Soderzhanie
GOSUDARSTVENNOE UPRAVLENIE

Vladimir Leksin, Boris Porfir'ev Pravovie mekhanizmi v strukture regulyatorov prostranstvennogo razvitiya (na primere rossijskoj Arktiki) (s.6–15)

prostranstvennoe razvitie, funktsionirovanie prostranstvennikh sistem, osobie pravovie rezhimi, «opornie zoni»
Issleduyutsya suschnost' prostranstvennikh sistem i usloviya ikh zhiznesposobnosti. Izlagaetsya avtorskaya tochka zreniya na pravovuyu prirodu i problematiku tak nazivaemikh regulyatorov prostranstvennogo razvitiya. Osoboe vnimanie udelyaetsya analizu mekhanizma «tochechnogo» stimulirovaniya razvitiya Arkticheskoj zoni RF i svyazannoj s nim probleme fragmentatsii edinogo pravovogo prostranstva Rossii.
  • Osnovnim predmetom gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya «prostranstvennogo razvitiya» Rossii v sovremennikh usloviyakh dolzhno stat' obespechenie ustojchivosti funktsionirovaniya prostranstvennikh sistem, t.e. sokhranenie i vosproizvodstvo ratsional'nogo sostava ikh bazovikh elementov i svyazej, a tak zhe nerazrushayuschego vklyucheniya v ikh strukturi novikh elementov i svyazej.
  • Fakticheskim regulyatorom protsessov prostranstvennogo razvitiya yavlyaetsya vsya sovokupnost' prinyatikh zakonov i podzakonnikh aktov, a takie meri, kak ustanavlivaemie zakonom mezhbyudzhetnoe viravnivanie, sozdanie osobikh rezhimov khozyajstvovaniya i t.p. lish' vnosyat neznachitel'nie korrektivi v razlichnie elementi edinogo pravovogo prostranstva Rossii.
  • Formirovanie v Arkticheskoj zone Rossijskoj Federatsii (AZRF) «opornikh zon» kak lokalizovannikh tsentrov razvitiya zoni aktualiziruet problemu fragmentatsii edinogo pravovogo prostranstva Rossii i trebuet vsestoronnego obosnovaniya pravovikh aspektov ocherednogo upravlencheskogo novovvedeniya.
EKONOMIChESKAYa POLITIKA

Mikhail Prokop'ev Vzaimosvyaz' i protivorechie v otsenke prodovol'stvennoj nezavisimosti i ekonomicheskoj dostupnosti prodovol'stviya (s.16–21)

Doktrina, prodovol'stvennaya bezopasnost', prodovol'stvennaya nezavisimost', ekonomicheskaya dostupnost' prodovol'stviya.
Rassmatrivaetsya deskriptivnaya skhema formirovaniya kriteriev prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti v usloviyakh sovershennogo zamescheniya. Pokazano, chto suschestvuet opredelennoe protivorechie mezhdu dvumya napravleniyami otsenki prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti: prodovol'stvennoj nezavisimost'yu i ekonomicheskoj dostupnost'yu prodovol'stviya.
  • Neyavno, kontseptsiya prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti predpolagaet sovershennoe zameschenie mezhdu importnoj i analogichnoj otechestvennoj produktsiej vnutri tovarnikh grupp, a takzhe nalichie dostatochnikh valyutnikh resursov garantiruyuschikh postavki po importu v sootvetstvii so sprosom na import.
  • Urovni kriteriev prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti formiruyutsya pod vozdejstviem kak ekonomicheskoj politiki, napravlennoj na importozameschenie, tak i provodimoj makroekonomicheskoj i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj politiki.
  • Suschestvuet opredelennoe protivorechie mezhdu dvumya napravleniyami otsenki prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti: prodovol'stvennoj nezavisimost'yu i ekonomicheskoj dostupnost'yu (prodovol'stvennaya bezopasnost' na natsional'nom urovne mozhet vstupat' v protivorechie s prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnost'yu domashnikh khozyajstv).
KONTsEPTUAL'NIE OSNOVI UPRAVLENIYa

Oleg Sukharev Adaptatsiya agentov i sistem kak kharakteristika upravleniya (s.22–36)

adaptatsiya, agenti, ekonomicheskaya sistema, tipi adaptatsii, adaptivnie i ratsional'nie ozhidaniya, psikhologicheskie faktori upravleniya, innovatori, konservatori
Raskrivaetsya soderzhanie modeli adaptatsii agentov i ekonomicheskikh sistem, pokazani tipi adaptatsii, opredelyaemie ne tol'ko reaktsiej agentov, no i metodami upravleniya, vozdejstviya na nikh. Obosnovivayutsya polozheniya, soglasno kotorim razvitie ekonomiki mozhet bit' vpolne uspeshnim pri dominirovanii konservativnoj modeli povedeniya agentov, a krizis mozhet provotsirovat'sya innovatsionnoj model'yu povedeniya. Po mneniyu avtora, v kazhdom sluchae, dlya kazhdoj sistemi neobkhodimo iskat' sobstvennoe priemlemoe znachenie strukturi novatorov i konservatorov, obespechivayuschej nailuchshuyu dinamiku.
  • Adaptatsiya predstavima kak otnoshenie fakticheskogo sostoyaniya (povedeniya) k ozhidaemomu (tselevomu) sostoyaniyu (povedeniyu), a visokij uroven' adaptatsii agenta ili sistemi, oznachaet men'shuyu izmenchivost' tseli i takoj zhe men'shij uroven' izmeneniya ozhidaemogo povedeniya.
  • Izmenenie form adaptatsii agentov i sistem ekonomiki privodit k izmeneniyu sili dejstviya metodov ekonomicheskoj politiki, prichёm oba protsessa vliyayut drug na druga po konturam pryamo i obratnoj svyazi, chto privodit k modifikatsii traktovki primeneniya mer ekonomicheskoj politiki, naprimer, pri ozhivlenii, retsessii ili depressii ekonomiki.
  • Adaptatsiya agentov prinimaet formu novatorskoj ili konservativnoj modeli povedeniya, prichёm institutsional'nie parametri determiniruyut pereklyuchenie etikh modelej i preobladanie kakoj-to odnoj iz nikh, tak chto rost ekonomiki mozhet bit' obespechen dlya konkretnikh obstoyatel'stv sovsem ne aktivnost'yu novatorov

Natal'ya Shimshirt O neopredelennosti i riske v ekonomike (s.37–44)

neopredelennost', vidi neopredelennosti, risk
Izlagayutsya nauchnie podkhodi k opredeleniyu kategorij «risk» i «neopredelennost'», predstavleni vzglyadi razlichnikh shkol. Rassmotreni problemi neopredelennosti v gosudarstvennom upravlenii. Sdelan vivod o neobkhodimosti razlicheniya dannikh kategorij. Avtor priderzhivaetsya mneniya, chto neopredelennost' – eto riski, kotorie ne mogut bit' proschitani zaranee v silu togo, chto neizvestno sovershitsya li sobitie voobsche i kakoe sobitie.
  • Kategorii risk i neopredelennost' tesno vzaimouvyazani.
  • Neopredelennosti ochen' chasto svyazani imenno s povedeniem cheloveka ili khozyajstvuyuschikh sub'ektov.
  • Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie bez oshibok v usloviyakh neopredelennosti prakticheski nevozmozhno. Neobkhodimo vovremya uvidet' effekt nakopleniya etikh oshibok, chtobi effektivnoe gosudarstvo ne prevratilos' v «gosudarstvo nesostoyatel'noe»
REGIONAL'NOE RAZVITIE

Elena Erokhina Innovatsionnaya diskriminatsiya regionov RF: prichini i posledstviya (s.45–62)

innovatsionnaya diskriminatsiya, innovatsionnaya aktivnost', regionalizatsiya, innovatsionnoe razvitie
Innovatsionnaya diskriminatsiya regionov RF: prichini i posledstviya Issledovani problemi innovatsionnogo razvitiya regionov, rassmotreni priznaki territorial'no-innovatsionnoj diskriminatsii sub'ektov RF. Razrabotana skhema realizatsii kontseptsii upravleniya innovatsionnimi podsistemami na osnove innovatsionnoj otkritosti i intellektualizatsii, predlozheni mekhanizmi po preodoleniyu innovatsionnoj diskriminatsii v regione.
  • Territorial'no – innovatsionnaya diskriminatsiya bol'shinstva regionov strani proyavlyaetsya v suschestvennom razrive pokazatelej razvitiya regional'nikh innovatsionnikh podsistem (RIP) neskol'kikh «veduschikh» innovatsionnikh territorij po parametram «zatrati – usiliya (podderzhka) - rezul'tati».
  • Stadijnie i sektoral'nie disbalansi proyavlyayutsya v neproportsional'noj, neravnomernoj innovatsionnoj aktivnosti na raznikh stadiyakh tsikla, v sferakh, otraslyakh, kompleksakh, sektorakh prostranstvennoj organizatsii regional'noj ekonomiki.
  • Neobkhodima razrabotka kontseptsii upravleniya RIP, predstavlyayuschaya soboj sistemu vzglyadov na razvitie territorii posredstvom povisheniya vospriimchivosti podsistem regionov k innovatsiyam na osnove printsipov otkritosti i nelinejnosti.
INVESTITsII I INNOVATsII

Anatolij Mudretsov, Anna Prudnikova Perspektivi innovatsionnogo razvitiya ekonomiki Rossii (s.63–70)

innovatsii, innovatsionnaya ekonomika, innovatsionnaya politika, raskhodi na NIOKR, nalogovie l'goti, kommertsializatsiya innovatsionnikh razrabotok
Pokazano osoboe znachenie innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti v global'nom prostranstve. Proanalizirovan aktual'nij zarubezhnij i otechestvennij opit razvitiya innovatsionnikh sistem. Sformulirovani osnovnie problemi i faktori razvitiya innovatsionnikh protsessov v Rossii na sovremennom etape. Predlozhena sistema dejstvij po razvitiyu innovatsionnogo stsenariya dlya ekonomiki Rossii.
  • Mirovoj opit pokazivaet, chto znachimie innovatsionnie preobrazovaniya ekonomicheskikh sistem, kak pravilo, proiskhodyat pri nalichii masshtabnikh problem v zhizni obschestva.
  • Vazhnoj problemoj razvitiya innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federatsii yavlyaetsya krajne nizkij uroven' finansirovaniya issledovanij i razrabotok chastnim sektorom.
  • Odnim iz suschestvennikh nedostatkov innovatsionnogo sektora rossijskoj ekonomiki yavlyayutsya malo razrabotannie mekhanizmi kommertsializatsii innovatsionnikh razrabotok.

Yurij Emel'yanov O podderzhke i stimulirovanii innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti biznes-struktur (s.71–81)

innovatsionnaya infrastruktura, modeli innovatsionnogo protsessa, setevaya organizatsiya, innovatsionnaya ekonomika
Raskrivaetsya ponyatie i struktura natsional'naya innovatsionnaya sistema, sozdayuschej usloviya po vovlecheniyu natsional'nikh ekonomik v edinuyu sistemu mirovogo khozyajstva. Rassmatrivayutsya pyat' pokolenij modelej organizatsii innovatsionnikh protsessov, svyazannikh s osnovnimi podkhodami veduschikh zapadnikh ekonomistov k ponimaniyu protsessov razvitiya i kommertsializatsii innovatsij. Otmechaetsya, chto masshtabnij perekhod innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti v Rossii na printsipi setevoj organizatsii pozvolit realizovat' nauchnij potentsial, sozdat' zadel rosta konkurentosposobnosti, osnovannogo na innovatsionnom puti razvitiya.
  • Vazhnejshej zadachej sovremennoj rossijskoj ekonomicheskoj nauki yavlyaetsya korrektnij vibor i obosnovanie sbalansirovannoj i naibolee adekvatnoj bazovoj modeli formirovaniya i razvitiya innovatsionnoj ekonomiki na osnove tschatel'nogo izucheniya i obobscheniya mirovogo opita postroeniya NIS promishlenno razvitimi stranami dlya posleduyuschej adaptatsii k rossijskim realiyam.
  • Masshtabnij perekhod innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti na printsipi setevoj organizatsii yavlyaetsya strategicheskoj perspektivoj, trebuyuschej razrabotki sootvetstvuyuschego teoreticheskogo bazisa.
  • Uspeshnoe reshenie global'nikh problem chelovechestva na osnove nauchno- tekhnicheskikh dostizhenij predopredelyaet perspektivnie puti po vivodu mirovogo soobschestva na traektoriyu ustojchivogo razvitiya

Lyudmila Kleeva Osobennosti upravleniya nauchno-innovatsionnoj sferoj Rossii (s.82–91)

Nauchno-innovatsionnoe razvitie, elementi natsional'noj innovatsionnoj sistemi, soglasovanie interesov elementov NIS.
Pokazano, chto usloviem effektivnogo upravleniya nauchno-innovatsionnim protsessom yavlyaetsya dostizhenie effektivnogo vzaimodejstviya elementov NIS. Takoe effektivnoe vzaimodejstvie dolzhno bazirovat'sya na soglasovanii tselej etikh elementov. Odnako na segodnya vo vsekh osnovnikh skhemakh takogo vzaimodejstviya interesi elementov NIS ne soglasovani.
  • Dlya upravleniya nauchno-innovatsionnij protsessom v strane neobkhodimo effektivnoe vzaimodejstvie vsekh elementov NIS;
  • Dlya effektivnogo vzaimodejstviya elementov NIS neobkhodimo i dostatochno soglasovanie interesov vsekh ee elementov;
  • Suschestvuyuschie na segodnya skhemi vzaimodejstviya elementov otechestvennoj NIS ne obespechivayut soglasovaniya ee elementov.
KORPORATIVNOE UPRAVLENIE

Ol'ga Kozhevina Sovershenstvovanie korporativnogo upravleniya v kompaniyakh s gosudarstvennim uchastiem s ispol'zovaniem printsipov G20/OESR (s.92–100)

korporativnoe upravlenie, standarti upravleniya, printsipi OESR, kachestvo korporativnogo upravleniya
Analiziruetsya vozmozhnost' ispol'zovaniya luchshej mezhdunarodnoj praktiki v standartizatsii korporativnogo upravleniya kompanij s gosudarstvennim uchastiem. Proveden obzor printsipov korporativnogo upravleniya v kompaniyakh s gosuchastiem OESR (Organizatsii ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva i razvitiya), viyavleni osobennosti adaptatsii ikh k rossijskim normam korporativnogo upravleniya. Proveden sravnitel'nij analiz printsipov korporativnogo upravleniya v kompaniyakh s gosudarstvennikh uchastiem OESR 2005 i 2015 godov.
  • Sovershenstvovanie korporativnogo upravleniya v kompaniyakh s gosudarstvennim uchastiem napravleno na povishenie effektivnosti upravleniya federal'noj sobstvennost'yu.
  • V rossijskikh kompaniyakh s gosudarstvennim uchastiem bolee formalizovannaya model' korporativnogo upravleniya, chem v stranakh-chlenakh OESR.
  • Ispol'zovanie standartizatsii korporativnogo upravleniya v kompaniyakh s gosudarstvennim uchastiem pozvolit obespechit' investitsionnuyu privlekatel'nost' i sformiruet pozitivnij imidzh rossijskikh goskompanij v mirovom ekonomicheskom prostranstve.

Elena Krasil'nikova Strategii finansirovaniya kompanij: problemi upravleniya kapitalom i agentskimi otnosheniyami kak klyuchevimi podsistemami strategij (s.101–109)

strategii finansirovaniya, agentskie konflikti, tsikli
Obosnovana tselesoobraznost' rasshireniya ponyatiya strategii finansirovaniya na baze primeneniya strategicheskogo i finansovogo podkhodov, izuchenie izmenyayuschikhsya podsistem. V stat'e sistematizirovani i uporyadocheni vivodi o vzaimosvyazyakh agentskikh otnoshenij, pokazatelej strukturi kapitala kompanii i stadij zhiznennogo tsikla. Viyavleni prioritetnie zadachi, postavlennie rukovoditelyami na praktike, v oblasti dinamiki dolgovoj nagruzki, issledovani agentskie konflikti i problemi upravleniya na primere konkretnoj kompanii, ustanovleno, chto privlechenie inostrannogo i institutsional'nogo investora ne vsegda tozhdestvenno zaschite minoritarnikh sobstvennikov.
  • Strategii finansirovaniya kompanii – eto ne odnomomentnie finansovie resheniya, a yavlyayutsya sistemami, sostoyaschimi iz klyuchevikh podsistem, izuchenie strukturi kapitala kak podsistemi strategii.
  • K drugim podsistemam otnosyatsya osobennosti agentskikh otnoshenij i stadii zhiznennogo tsikla, kotorie ne yavlyayutsya statichnimi, trebuyut dinamicheskogo podkhoda k issledovaniyu.
  • Dlya kompanii «Lenta» strukturirovani agentskie konflikti i istochniki finansirovaniya na raznikh stadiyakh ee zhiznennogo tsikla, privedeni osobennosti, ne svojstvennie tipichnim konfliktam.
MENEDZhMENT I MARKETING

Araksya Mirakyan Liderstvo v XXI veke: trebovaniya i osobennosti (s.110–116)

krizis liderstva, izmeneniya v liderstve, tsennosti sovremennogo lidera, nauchenie liderstvu
Raskrivaetsya problema smeni paradigmi liderstva, kardinal'no perevorachivayuschaya sovremennie predstavleniya o liderstve. Oboznacheni diskussionnie voprosi o tom, kakim obrazom transformirovalis' vzglyadi na liderstvo, kakim dolzhen bit' sovremennij lider i kakim obrazom razvivat' novikh liderov. Pokazano, chto razvitie liderov novogo formata vozmozhno za schet transformatsii suschestvuyuschikh tsennostej; transformatsiya dolzhna provodit'sya kak v organizatsionnoj srede, tak i v sfere biznes-obrazovaniya.
  • Ostraya neobkhodimost' smeni dejstvuyuschej paradigmi liderstva vizvana krizisom, voznikshim v oblasti liderstva, svyazannim, s odnoj storoni, s nesostoyatel'nost'yu traditsionnikh modelej liderstva, a, s drugoj storoni, s nedoveriem obschestva k nineshnim lideram.
  • Povedenie sovremennogo lidera dolzhno opirat'sya na moral'no-eticheskie printsipi, odnim iz kotorikh yavlyaetsya «orientatsiya na sluzhenie interesam obschestva».
  • Razvitie liderov novogo formata vozmozhno za schet transformatsii suschestvuyuschikh tsennostej; transformatsiya dolzhna provodit'sya kak v organizatsionnoj srede, tak i v sfere biznes-obrazovaniya.
UPRAVLENIE PERSONALOM

Ol'ga Dem'yanova, Enzhe Akhmetshina Vliyanie tsifrovizatsii na kadrovuyu politiku (s.117–122)

tsifrovaya ekonomika, tsifrovizatsiya, kadrovaya politika, upravlenie personalom
Rassmotrena suschnost' tsifrovoj ekonomiki i tsifrovizatsii biznesa. Viyavleni osnovnie faktori, opredelyayuschie uroven' tsifrovizatsii ekonomiki strani, a takzhe klyuchevie aspekti politiki upravleniya kadrami v usloviyakh tsifrovoj ekonomiki.
  • Tsifrovizatsiya stala global'nim yavleniem i suschestvennim faktorom razvitiya i izmeneniya faktorov ne tol'ko proizvodstva, no i kadrovoj politiki predpriyatiya.
  • Tsifrovizatsiya okazivaet ne stol' sil'noe pryamoe vliyanie na ischeznovenie rabochikh mest, no i ona budet vliyat' na sokraschenie potrebnosti v rabochikh, zanyatikh v opredelennikh sferakh.
  • Kadrovaya politika predpriyatiya v usloviyakh tsifrovizatsii predpolagaet: a) obespechenie udobnoj dlya rabotnikov tsifrovoj sredi; b) razrabotku novikh trebovanij k rabotnikam v usloviyakh tsifrovoj ekonomiki; v) razrabotku avtomatizirovannoj sistemi otsenki effektivnosti raboti personala v usloviyakh tsifrovizatsii biznes-protsessov.
UPRAVLENIE PRIRODOPOL'ZOVANIEM

Irina Filimonova, Leontij Eder, Dar'ya Yuva Ob upravlenii stoimost'yu resursov uglevodorodov na osnove geologo-ekonomicheskogo modelirovaniya (s.123–133)

geologo-ekonomicheskaya otsenka, upravlenie, resursi, neft', renta.
Rassmotreni etapi razvitiya metodov i metodologii geologo-ekonomicheskoj otsenki, videleni osobennosti etapov razvitiya i dana ikh periodizatsiya. Issledovana evolyutsiya vzglyadov na vibor kriteriya ekonomicheskoj effektivnosti osvoeniya mestorozhdenij. Predstavleni napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya metodiki geologo-ekonomicheskoj otsenki, iskhodya iz tekh vizovov i ugroz, s kotorimi stalkivaetsya otrasl' na sovremennom etape.
  • Geologo-ekonomicheskaya otsenka – glavnij instrument gosudarstva i kompanij po viboru i ekonomicheskomu obosnovaniyu prioritetnikh napravlenij geologorazvedochnikh rabot i variantov razrabotki mestorozhdenij.
  • Transformatsiya vzglyadov k geologo-ekonomicheskoj otsenke proiskhodit pod vliyaniem izmenenij v geografii dobichi nefti i gaza, razmerakh ob'ektov otsenki i ikh kachestvennikh kharakteristikakh, a takzhe v organizatsionno-pravovoj sisteme nedropol'zovaniya.
  • Sovershenstvovanie metodiki geologo-ekonomicheskoj otsenki s uchёtom sovremennogo zakonodatel'nogo i organizatsionno-pravovogo obespecheniya nedropol'zovaniya v Rossii pozvolit provesti massovuyu otsenku zapasov i resursov nefti i gaza, kotoraya stanet osnovoj gosudarstvennoj politiki planirovaniya geologorazvedochnikh rabot, litsenzirovaniya nedr, planirovaniya dokhodov gosudarstva.
TOChKA ZRENIYa

Elena Rumyantseva Ob effektivnosti upravleniya: znachimie kriterii pooschrenij ili nakazanij (s.134–142)

effektivnost', upravlenie, sub'ekt, ob'ekt, sotsial'naya pomosch', rukovodstvo, krizis
Predstavlena metodologiya otsenki effektivnosti upravleniya. Avtorom postavlena zadacha vospolneniya probelov teorii, praktiki i zakonodatel'stva v oblasti otsenki personifitsirovannoj effektivnosti rukovoditelej s pozitsij obespecheniya ikh antikorruptsionnoj deyatel'nosti. Privedeno obosnovanie pereorientatsii ekonomii byudzhetnikh sredstv v period krizisa s sokrascheniya sotsial'noj pomoschi naseleniya na izmenenie strukturi ee okazaniya.
  • Tema otsenki effektivnosti k nastoyaschemu vremeni ne poluchila zaversheniya i aktual'na dlya provedeniya integrirovannoj po teorii, prikladnomu i zakonodatel'nomu primeneniyu dorabotke.
  • Mnogoobrazie sub'ektov i ob'ektov upravleniya trebuet konkretizatsii upotrebleniya termina «effektivnost' upravleniya», a takzhe rasshireniya vozmozhnostej vnedreniya otsenok personifitsirovannoj effektivnosti rukovoditelej (kak mekhanizma antikorruptsionnoj deyatel'nosti) i professional'nikh soobschestv (dlya provedeniya sravnenij na osnove sbora ob'ektivnikh dannikh).
  • Reglamentatsiya effektivnosti kak rukovodstva, tak i upravleniya ob'ektami vistupaet vazhnejshim antikrizisnim mekhanizmom.
Contents
STATE GOVERNANCE

Vladimir Leksin, Boris Porfiryev Legal Mechanisms in the Structure of Spatial Development Regulators (as exemplified by the Russian Arctic Region) (pp.6–15)

spatial development, functioning of spatial systems, special legal regimes, "reference zones"
The essence of spatial systems and conditions for their sustainability are investigated. The authors’ view on the legal nature and problematics of so called spatial development regulators is presented. Special attention is paid to analyze the mechanism of “point” incitation of RF Arctic zone development and to the pertinent problem of Russia’s common legal space fragmentation.
--

Mikhail Prokopyev Relationship and Contradiction in Assessing Food Sovereignty and Economic Availability of Food (pp.16–21)

doctrine, food security, food sovereignty, economic accessibility of food
A descriptive scheme for the formation of food security criteria under conditions of perfect substitution is considered. It is shown that a certain contradiction exists between the two directions of food security assessment - food sovereignty and economic accessibility of food.
CONCEPTUAL BASES OF MANAGEMENT

Oleg Sukharev Adaptation of Agents and Systems as Management Characteristics (pp.22–36)

adaptation, agents, economic system, adaptation types, adaptive and rational expectations, psychological factors of management, innovators, conservatives
The content of the adaptation model of agents and economic systems is unveiled, adaptation types are shown which are determined not only by the agents’ reaction, but also by methods of managing and impacting on them. The author justifies propositions that economic development can be quite successful along with dominance of the conservative model of agents' behavior, and a crisis can be provoked by an innovative behavior model. He holds that in each case and in each system its specific acceptable value of innovators-and-conservatives structure securing the best dynamics should be searched for.

Natalya Shimshirt On Uncertainty and Risk in the Economy (pp.37–44)

uncertainty, uncertainty types, risk
The article presents scientific approaches to "risk" and "uncertainty" categories definition, considers the views of various schools. Problems of uncertainty in public administration are addressed. The conclusion is made on the need to distinguish between the given categories. The author sticks to the opinion that uncertainty involves risks that cannot be anticipated because it is unknown whether the event will actually occur, and what kind of event it would be.
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Elena Erokhina Innovative Discrimination of RF Regions: Causes and Consequences (pp.45–62)

innovative discrimination, innovative activity, regionalization, innovative development
Problems linked with innovative development of regions are researched, indications of territorial and innovative discrimination of Russian Federation’s constituents are considered. A scheme is developed to implement the concept of managing innovative subsystems based on innovative openness and intellectualization; mechanisms to overcome innovative discrimination in the region are proposed.
INVESTMENTS AND INNOVATIONS

Anatoly Mudretsov, Anna Prudnikova Prospects for Innovative Development of Russian Economy (pp.63–70)

innovations, innovative economy, innovative policy, R&D expenditures, tax incentives, commercialization of innovative solutions
Particular significance of innovative activity in the global space is demonstrated. Current foreign and domestic experiences in innovative systems development are analyzed. The authors formulate main present-stage problems and factors in the development of innovative processes in Russia, they offer a system of actions to develop an innovative scenario for the Russian economy.

Yuri Emelyanov On Supporting and Stimulating Innovative Activity of Businesses (pp.71–81)

innovative infrastructure, innovative process models, networked arrangement, innovative economy
The author unveils the notion and structure of national innovative system, which sets up conditions for involving national economies in an integrated world economy system. He examines five generations of models of arranging innovative processes, which are associated with principal approaches undertaken by leading Western economists to gain insight into development processes arrangement and commercialization of innovations. The author holds that a large-scale transition of innovative activity in Russia to networked principles will help unlock the research potential, lay the groundwork for growing competitiveness based on innovative development path.

Ludmila Kleeva The Management Specificity of Russian Scientific and Innovative Area (pp.82–91)

scientific and innovative development, national innovation system elements, harmonization of interests of NIS elements
The article shows that an effective interaction of NIS elements is a prerequisite for effective management of the scientific and innovation process. This effective interplay must be based on harmonizing the objectives of these elements. However, in all major schemes of this interaction the interests of NIS elements are not coherent.
CORPORATE MANAGEMENT

Olga Kozhevina Improving Corporate Management in Partially Government-Owned Companies by Applying G20/OECD Guidelines (pp.92–100)

corporate governance, management standards, OECD principles, corporate governance quality
The chance is analyzed to apply best international practices in standardizing corporate management in partially government-owned companies. The author gives a review of corporate management principles in partially government-owned companies used in OECD, identifies the specificity of adjusting them to the Russian norms of corporate management. A comparative analysis is made of corporate governance principles in force in 2005 and 2015 in partially government-owned companies in OECD.

Elena Krasilnikova Strategies of Financing Companies: Problems of Capital and Agency Relationships Management as Crucial Strategies Subsystems (pp.101–109)

financing strategies, agency conflicts, life cycles
The feasibility of expanding the concept of financing strategy based on applying strategic and financial approaches, on studying the changing subsystems are substantiated. The article systematizes and arranges conclusions about the links between agency relations, company's capital structure and stages of the life cycle. Priority tasks in the field of debt burden dynamics, which are set by managers in practice, are identified; agency conflicts and management problems are investigated on the example of a given company; it is stated that attracting a foreign and institutional investor is not always identical to protecting minority owners.
MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING

Araksya Mirakyan Leadership in the 21st Century: Requirements and Peculiarities (pp.110–116)

leadership crisis, changes in leadership, contemporary leader’s values, leadership learning
The article addresses changes in the leadership paradigms that dramatically transform contemporary views of leadership. The author specifies controversial issues about the way insights in leadership have changed, about the character a modern leader should have, and about the way new leader should be raised. It is shown that the development of new-style leaders is possible thanks to transformation of existing values; transformation should take place both in the organizational environment and in the sphere of business education.
PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Olga Demyanova, Enzhe Akhmetshina The Impact of Digitalization on Personnel Policy (pp.117–122)

digital economy, digitalization, personnel policy, personnel management
This article examines the essence of digital economy and digitalization of business. Main aspects defining the level of digitalization of the country’s economy as well as key aspects of personnel management policies in digital economy are identified.
NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGMENT

Irina Filimonova, Leonty Eder, Darya Yuva On Managing Hydrocarbon Resources Cost on the Basis of Geological and Economic Modeling (pp.123–133)

geological and economic assessment, management, resources, oil, rent
The stages of developing methods and the methodology of geological and economic estimation are regarded, the specificity of development stages is highlighted, their periodization is given. The authors investigate the evolution of views on the choice of economic efficiency criterion in the course of developing natural resources. They present trends aimed at improving the methodology of geological and economic assessment proceeding from challenges and threats the industry faces at the present stage.
VIEWPOINT

Elena Rumyantseva Management Efficiency: Meaningful Criteria of Rewards or Penalties (pp.134–142)

efficiency, management, subject, object, social assistance, leadership, crisis
The article addresses the methodology of evaluating management effectiveness. The author sets the task of filling in the gaps in theory, practice and legislation in the field of implementing personalized assessment of managers’ effectiveness in terms of ensuring their anti-corruption activities. The author justifies a rechanneling, during the crisis, of budgetary savings from cutting social assistance of the population to changing the structure of its rendering.