Encuadernación Международный НИИ проблем управления Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ: Кадровое обеспечение инновационного развития российской экономики. Локализация как инструмент модернизации экономики. Индустриальные парки: вопросы государственного стимулирования. Проблемы освоения Арктического реги
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Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ:
Кадровое обеспечение инновационного развития российской экономики. Локализация как инструмент модернизации экономики. Индустриальные парки: вопросы государственного стимулирования. Проблемы освоения Арктического реги №11/2016

URSS. 144 pp. (Russian). ISBN 9770234450117.
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EKONOMIChESKAYa POLITIKA: STRATEGIYa I TAKTIKA

Mikhail Voejkov, Galina Anisimova Ekonomicheskaya politika i problemi sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo neravenstva (s.6–19)

neravenstvo, ekonomicheskaya politika, ekonomicheskoe razvitie
Obobscheni nauchnie podkhodi k analizu vzaimosvyazi ekonomicheskogo neravenstva i ekonomicheskogo razvitiya. Pokazano, chto dlya postsovetskoj Rossii kharakterno neobosnovannoe uvelichenie ekonomicheskogo neravenstva na fone rosta chislennosti bednikh, zamedleniya rosta real'nikh dokhodov naseleniya i VVP, chto vizvano otsutstviem soglasovannosti prioritetov i taktiki ekonomicheskikh preobrazovanij s prioritetami i tempami provedeniya sotsial'nikh reform. Obosnovano, chto pri formirovanii ekonomicheskoj politiki neobkhodimo razvivat' osnovi sotsial'nogo gosudarstva s privedeniem ekonomicheskogo neravenstva k optimal'nomu urovnyu.
  • Na protyazhenii vsego perioda ustojchivogo ekonomicheskogo rosta (1999–2008 gg.) v Rossii, nesmotrya na pozitivnuyu dinamiku dokhodov byudzheta i rastuschie vozmozhnosti provedeniya aktivnoj gosudarstvennoj politiki, nablyudalas' chetko virazhennaya tendentsiya rosta sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo neravenstva.
  • Osnovnoj put' ekonomicheskoj politiki korrektirovki raspredelitel'nikh mekhanizmov — eto mekhanizmi pereraspredeleniya dokhodov v sisteme «nalogooblozhenie — sotsial'nie l'goti».
  • Esli stavitsya problema vseobschego razvitiya i vseobschego blagosostoyaniya, to po neobkhodimosti nado formirovat' spetsial'nuyu ekonomicheskuyu politiku dlya dostizheniya etikh tselej.

Anatolij Todosijchuk O kadrovom obespechenii innovatsionnogo razvitiya rossijskoj ekonomiki (s.20–30)

professional'noe obrazovanie, kadri, nauka, innovatsii, promishlennost', nauchno-tekhnicheskaya politika, finansirovanie, ekonomika
Analiziruetsya sovremennoe sostoyanie professional'nogo obrazovaniya, nauki i rossijskoj ekonomiki. Dokazivaetsya, chto vo mnogom krizisnoe sostoyanie ekonomiki ob'yasnyatsya kachestvom kadrovoj sostavlyayuschej proizvoditel'nikh sil, kotoroe v svoyu ochered' zavisit ot kachestva sistemi podgotovki kadrov vsekh urovnej, ee nauchnogo obespecheniya. Izlozheni rekomendatsii po sovershenstvovaniyu gosudarstvennoj sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj politiki v oblasti professional'nogo obrazovaniya i nauki.
  • Stagnatsiya ekonomiki naryadu s drugimi faktorami vizvana tem, chto professional'noe obrazovanie i nauka organicheski ne vstroeni v vosproizvodstvennie protsessi i vo mnogom razvivayutsya avtonomno.
  • V sisteme professional'nogo obrazovaniya slozhilis' disproportsii po urovnyam obrazovaniya, po gruppam professij i spetsial'nostej.
  • Rost finansirovaniya professional'nogo obrazovaniya i nauki, chisla lits s visshim obrazovaniem, uchenimi stepenyami i zvaniyami suschestvennim obrazom ne skazalsya na roste proizvoditel'nosti truda, rezul'tativnosti nauchnoj, nauchno-tekhnicheskoj i innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti.

Vladimir Kondrat'ev Lokalizatsiya kak instrument modernizatsii ekonomiki (s.31–39)

trebovaniya k lokalizatsii proizvodstva, gosudarstvennie zakupki, ekonomicheskij rost, sozdanie novikh otraslej, formirovanie natsional'nogo biznesa, sozdanie rabochikh mest
Rassmatrivayutsya osobennosti i trebovaniya k realizatsii politiki lokalizatsii — dejstvennomu mekhanizmu gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya, napravlennogo na sozdanie novikh rabochikh mest v svoej strane i stimulirovanie otechestvennikh kompanij. Pokazano, chto istoricheski politika lokalizatsii assotsiirovalas' s gosudarstvennimi zakupkami i trebovaniyami k realizatsii gosudarstvennikh proektov.
  • V usloviyakh importozamescheniya tselesoobrazno bolee pristal'no vzglyanut' na uspeshnij zarubezhnij opit politiki lokalizatsii, pozvolyayuschej sozdavat' novie rabochie mesta i proizvodstva na sobstvennoj territorii.
  • Osnovnie trebovaniya k lokalizatsii svyazani, vo pervikh, s sozdaniem novikh rabochikh mest u sebya v strane, vo vtorikh, s formirovaniem pervoklassnikh novikh otraslej ekonomiki, v tret'ikh, s obespecheniem dolgosrochnogo ekonomicheskogo rosta.
  • Vazhnim argumentom v pol'zu lokalizatsii vistupaet zhelanie, chtobi finansovie potoki, obrazuyuschiesya v subsidiruemikh gosudarstvom otraslyakh za schet sredstv nalogoplatel'schikov, vozvraschalis' v natsional'nuyu ekonomiku.

Marina Alekseeva, Viktor Bogachev Formirovanie ekonomicheskoj strategii razvitiya: problemi i stsenarii (s.40–46)

strategiya ekonomicheskogo razvitiya, antikrizisnoe upravlenie, ekonomicheskij mekhanizm, sistemnij, stsenarnij i sinergeticheskij podkhodi, importozameschenie
Analiziruyutsya problemi, stoyaschie v nastoyaschee vremya pered sistemoj upravleniya ekonomikoj. Formuliruyutsya sovremennie nauchnie podkhodi k strukturnoj perestrojke ekonomicheskogo mekhanizma. Podcherkivaetsya aktual'nost' primeneniya stsenarnogo metoda dlya razrabotki strategii razvitiya lyubogo sotsial'nogo ili ekonomicheskogo ob'ekta.
  • Rossijskaya ekonomika nakhoditsya v stadii stagnatsii, prichem prognozi rossijskikh ekonomicheskikh vedomstv i mezhdunarodnikh finansovikh organizatsij sovpadayut: spad VVP budet prodolzhat'sya, byudzhetnij defitsit narastat', inflyatsiya budet ostavat'sya visokoj, uroven' zhizni prodolzhit snizhat'sya.
  • U pravitel'stva net real'noj strategii razvitiya ekonomiki; za poslednee vremya bili ozvucheni uzhe neskol'ko antikrizisnikh planov.
  • Real'nij vikhod iz krizisa sostoit v formirovanii organizatsionno-ekonomicheskogo mekhanizma upravleniya narodno-khozyajstvennim kompleksom na osnove sovremennikh nauchnikh podkhodov: stsenarnogo (sistemnij analiz), samoregulyatsii (kiberneticheskij) i samoorganizatsii (sinergeticheskij).
GOSUDARSTVENNOE UPRAVLENIE

Mikhail Kijko O mekhanizme obespecheniya natsional'noj antinarkoticheskoj bezopasnosti (s.47–56)

bezopasnost', antinarkoticheskaya bezopasnost', narkobiznes, narkotizatsiya obschestva
Reshenie mnogoaspektnoj problemi narkobiznesa i narkotizatsii obschestva viditsya v razvitii kompleksnogo mekhanizma obespecheniya natsional'noj antinarkoticheskoj bezopasnosti. Globalizatsiya sovremennoj zhizni trebuet adekvatnogo izmeneniya form i metodov protivodejstviya global'noj ugroze rasprostraneniya narkotikov, a takzhe novoj paradigmi global'noj antinarkoticheskoj politiki. Predlagaetsya sozdanie rossijskoj gosudarstvennoj korporatsii sotrudnichestva so stranami Tsentral'noj Azii, deyatel'nost' kotoroj pozvolila bi otvlech' naselenie etikh stran ot uchastiya v proizvodstve i rasprostranenii narkotikov.
  • Problema rasprostraneniya narkotikov vklyuchaet voprosi bezopasnosti gosudarstva i lichnosti, zdorov'ya naseleniya, v pervuyu ochered' molodezhi, sostoyanie ekonomiki, sotsial'nie posledstviya nezakonnogo oborota narkotikov i t.d.
  • Neobkhodimo vistraivanie shirokoj bazi uchastnikov antinarkoticheskoj deyatel'nosti s vovlecheniem gosudarstvennikh organov, kommercheskikh struktur i obschestvennikh organizatsij i dvizhenij kak vnutri strani, tak i na mezhdunarodnom urovne.
  • Uchastie v sotsial'no-ekonomicheskom razvitii sopredel'nikh territorij otvechaet natsional'nim interesam Rossii v voprosakh protivodejstviya narkoticheskoj ugroze i obespecheniya natsional'noj antinarkoticheskoj bezopasnosti.
EKONOMIChESKAYa POLITIKA: STRATEGIYa I TAKTIKA

Vladimir Burkov, Elena Kotirlo Industrial'nie parki kak forma gosudarstvennoj podderzhki ekonomicheskogo razvitiya (s.57–67)

industrial'nie parki, gosudarstvennaya promishlennaya politika, promishlennie klasteri, osobie ekonomicheskie zoni, territorii operezhayuschego razvitiya
Rassmatrivaetsya gosudarstvennoe stimulirovanie ekonomicheskogo razvitiya cherez sozdanie industrial'nikh parkov. Issleduyutsya vozmozhnosti gosudarstvennoj podderzhki realizatsii investitsionnikh proektov sozdaniya i ekspluatatsii industrial'nikh parkov v sochetanii s takimi formami stimulirovaniya ekonomicheskogo razvitiya, kak osobie ekonomicheskie zoni, territorii operezhayuschego sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya, promishlennie i innovatsionnie klasteri.
  • Sozdanie industrial'nikh parkov rassmatrivaetsya kak odin iz instrumentov formirovaniya visokotekhnologichnoj i konkurentosposobnoj promishlennosti.
  • Gosudarstvennie meri finansovoj podderzhki sozdaniya i razvitiya IP i tekhnoparkov napravleni na snizhenie raskhodov regionov, gde realizuyutsya proekti, i ikh upravlyayuschikh kompanij.
  • Glavnij interes gosudarstva v sozdanii i razvitii promishlennikh parkov — eto rost dobavlennoj stoimosti i diversifikatsiya ekonomiki za schet razvitiya obrabativayuschikh proizvodstv.
REGIONAL'NOE RAZVITIE

Yurij Popkov, Aleksandr Shvetsov, Yuliya Naumova Transportno-morskoj potentsial Arkticheskogo regiona: usloviya i riski ispol'zovaniya (s.68–76)

Arkticheskij region, transportnij potentsial, Severnij morskoj put', morskie perevozki, eksportnie perevozki uglevodorodov
Analiziruyutsya perspektivi ispol'zovaniya Severnogo morskogo puti (SMP) v kontekste resheniya zadachi kompleksnogo osvoeniya Arkticheskogo regiona RF. Obobschayutsya problemi i potentsial'nie riski, prepyatstvuyuschie polnotsennomu vovlecheniyu transportnogo potentsiala SMP v khozyajstvennij oborot.
  • Perspektivi razvitiya SMP v kontekste global'nikh klimaticheskikh izmenenij klimata trebuyut adekvatnoj otsenki vozmozhnostej i predelov ekspluatatsii SMP.
  • Fakticheski, imenno nalichie ledokol'nogo flota pozvolyaet otsenivat' tekuschie vozmozhnosti i perspektivi rosta gruzoperevozok po SMP.
  • Polnotsennoe vovlechenie transportnogo potentsiala SMP v khozyajstvennij oborot sopryazheno so slozhnostyami ekonomicheskogo, tekhnologicheskogo i organizatsionnogo kharaktera, a takzhe potentsial'nimi riskami, kotorie vo mnogom trudnopredskazuemi i nuzhdayutsya v sovremennikh metodakh otsenki.

Boris Porfir'ev, Nikolaj Terent'ev, Valerij Semikashev Problemi i prioriteti razvitiya energetiki v rossijskoj Arktike v kontekste klimaticheskikh izmenenij (s.77–86)

Arktika, Arkticheskaya zona Rossijskoj Federatsii, energetika, klimaticheskie izmeneniya, ustojchivoe razvitie, vozobnovlyaemie istochniki energii
Proveden analiz osobennostej i problem energosnabzheniya territorij Arkticheskoj zoni Rossijskoj Federatsii (AZRF). Rassmotreno vozdejstvie na razvitie energetiki AZRF klimaticheskikh izmenenij. Dani otsenki dinamiki prodolzhitel'nosti otopitel'nogo sezona (do 2050 g.) s uchetom tendentsii operezhayuschego potepleniya v regione. Sformulirovani napravleniya razvitiya sistem energosnabzheniya v AZRF s uchetom razvitiya peredovikh energeticheskikh tekhnologij, vklyuchaya vozobnovlyaemie istochniki energii.
  • Pri razrabotke strategii kompleksnogo razvitiya AZRF sleduet uchitivat' i novie strategicheskie vozmozhnosti, svyazannie s progressom v razvitii tekhnologij v energetike i stroitel'stve.
  • Perspektivnim napravleniem razvitiya energosistem AZRF mozhno schitat' razvitie elektrosetevogo kompleksa.
  • Osnovnim napravleniem razvitiya energosnabzheniya arkticheskikh regionov yavlyaetsya postepennaya modernizatsiya oborudovaniya, vnedrenie avtomatiki, optimizatsiya skhem raboti oborudovaniya.

Dmitrij Eliseev Severnij morskoj put': global'noe poteplenie, ekonomika i geopolitika (s.87–94)

Severnij morskoj put', geopolitika, arkticheskie suda, tranzitnij marshrut, atomnij ledokol'nij flot
Rassmotreni geopoliticheskie vzglyadi i pretenzii zainteresovannikh gosudarstv na pravo dostupa i ekspluatatsii Severnogo morskogo puti (SMP). Obosnovana neobkhodimost' zakrepleniya isklyuchitel'nogo natsional'nogo suvereniteta nad transportnoj arteriej. Rassmotreni ekonomicheskie aspekti funktsionirovaniya SMP i opredelena rol' gosudarstva i biznesa v ego razvitii.
  • Klimaticheskie izmeneniya yavlyayutsya geopoliticheskim predlogom — vazhna prinadlezhnost' Severnogo morskogo puti i prava upravleniya.
  • Veduschaya rol' Rossii v otnoshenii SMP mozhet bit' podkreplena nalichiem znachitel'nogo ledokol'nogo i torgovogo arkticheskogo flota.
  • Gosudarstvo budet investirovat' v infrastrukturu SMP do momenta opredeleniya bolee effektivnogo sposoba transportirovki na Sever.

Petr Burak, Viktor Rostanets, Anatolij Topilin Imperativi formirovaniya mezhregional'nikh institutov koordinatsii razvitiya sub'ektov RF (s.95–103)

region, sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie, mezhregional'nie ekonomicheskie svyazi, instituti koordinatsii razvitiya
Obosnovivayutsya teoreticheskie i metodicheskie predposilki formirovaniya v Rossijskoj Federatsii mezhregional'nikh institutov koordinatsii razvitiya v tselyakh preodoleniya disproportsij v razvitii regionov, konsolidatsii ekonomicheskogo prostranstva stran. Predlagayutsya puti preodoleniya razriva v urovnyakh upravleniya, odin iz kotorikh predpolagaet ispol'zovanie printsipov i opita ekonomicheskogo rajonirovaniya, nakoplennogo v predshestvuyuschie periodi istoricheskogo razvitiya Rossii.
  • Protsessi mezhregional'nogo sotrudnichestva yavlyayutsya odnim iz vazhnikh resursov intensifikatsii ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossijskoj Federatsii, pri etom ekonomicheskoe sotrudnichestvo regionov nevozmozhno bez sootvetstvuyuschej sistemi institutov upravleniya i koordinatsii.
  • Sozdanie novikh mezhregional'nikh institutov upravleniya, chtobi bit' effektivnim, dolzhno prokhodit' s uchetom sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh imperativov, kotorie diktuyut neobkhodimost' ikh formirovaniya.
  • V kachestve pervogo shaga v ramkakh sistemi mezhregional'nikh organov upravleniya tselesoobrazno formirovanie i razvitie sovmestnikh (ob'edinennikh) organov ispolnitel'noj i zakonodatel'noj vlasti dlya regionov-sosedej, uzhe imeyuschikh visokij uroven' khozyajstvennikh svyazej — Moskva i Moskovskaya oblast', Sankt-Peterburg i Leningradskaya oblast', regioni TsFO i Povolzh'ya.
MENEDZhMENT I MARKETING

Marina Predvoditeleva, Kira Reshetnikova, Elizaveta Slevich Menedzhment industrii gostepriimstva i turizma kak issledovatel'skoe napravlenie i oblast' znanij: mezhdunarodnaya i rossijskaya perspektiva (s.104–114)

turizm, gostepriimstvo, visshee obrazovanie, issledovaniya, tsitirovanie, konferentsii
Issleduyutsya rol' industrii gostepriimstva i turizma v mirovoj ekonomiki, a takzhe otkrivayuschiesya vozmozhnosti dlya provedeniya nauchnoj i obrazovatel'noj deyatel'nosti. Na osnove analiza publikatsij mezhdunarodnikh zhurnalov pokazana transformatsiya issledovanij v dannoj sfere za poslednie tri desyatiletiya v Rossii i za rubezhom.
  • Menedzhment v gostepriimstve i turizme yavlyaetsya aktivno razrabativaemoj v stranakh Zapada nauchnoj tematikoj.
  • Za poslednie 30 let na mirovom akademicheskom prostranstve nablyudaetsya aktivnij vsplesk chisla nauchnikh izdanij, publikatsij, konferentsij, obrazovatel'nikh programm po problematike menedzhmenta v industrii gostepriimstva i turizma.
  • Osobennosti razvitiya i tekuschee sostoyanie rossijskoj industrii gostepriimstva i turizma otkrivaet shirokie vozmozhnosti dlya provedeniya issledovanij.

Vladimir Strokov, Anastasiya Shuvalova Upravlenie sprosom putёm izmeneniya funktsional'nogo kachestva produkta (s.115–122)

potrebitel'skaya funktsiya (svojstvo), funktsional'noe kachestvo produkta, upravlenie kachestvom produkta, upravlenie predlozheniem firmi, upravlenie sprosom, krivaya predlozheniya—sprosa
Predstavlena avtorskaya model' upravleniya sprosom putёm izmeneniya funktsional'nogo kachestva produkta, pri kotorom modeli produkta raznogo funktsional'nogo kachestva predlagayutsya raznim tsenovim potrebitel'skim segmentam. Pokazana krivaya predlozheniya—sprosa modelej produkta izmenyayuschegosya kachestva, menyayuschaya traditsionnoe predstavlenie o mekhanizme rinochnogo vzaimodejstviya mezhdu proizvoditelem i potrebitelem.
  • Upravlenie predlozheniem firm —- protsess proizvodstva i vozdejstviya na potrebitelej raznovidnostyami (modelej) produkta raznogo funktsional'nogo kachestva, virazhennogo bol'shim (povishennoe kachestvo) ili men'shim (ponizhennoe kachestvo) chislom potrebitel'skikh funktsij.
  • Upravlenie sprosom putёm izmeneniya funktsional'nogo kachestva produkta ob'edinyaet predlozhenie rinku raznovidnostej produkta raznogo funktsional'nogo kachestva raznim tsenovim potrebitel'skim segmentam i reaktsiyu potrebitelej, poluchayuschikh raznie dokhodi.
  • Model' upravleniya sprosom opisivaetsya krivoj predlozheni—-sprosa produkta, sostavlennoj iz krivikh predlozhenij—sprosov raznovidnostej produkta izmenyayuschegosya kachestva.

Ol'ga Dem'yanova Razvitie instrumentalizatsii proizvodstvennoj deyatel'nosti (s.123–131)

proizvodstvo, konkurentosposobnost', razvitie, instrumenti, upravleniya
Obobschayutsya osnovnie etapi razvitiya instrumentalizatsii proizvodstvennoj deyatel'nosti. Obosnovivaetsya ee vliyanie na formirovanie rinochnoj paradigmi i vnedrenie nauchnikh podkhodov, formiruyuschikh novij tip proizvodstva i uroven' razvitiya proizvodstvennikh instrumentov.
  • Razvitie instrumentalizatsii proizvodstvennoj deyatel'nosti okazivaet sil'noe vliyanie na formirovanie osobennostej rinkov potrebleniya i razvitiya sistemi upravleniya proizvodstvennimi sistemami.
  • Instrumentalizatsiya proizvodstvennoj deyatel'nosti vklyuchaet v sebya ne tol'ko tekhnologicheskie novovvedeniya, no i upravlencheskie, marketingovie i organizatsionnie.
  • Posledstviya razvitiya instrumentalizatsii virazhayutsya v strukturnoj perestrojke samoorganizuyuschikhsya proizvodstvennikh sistem na osnove modul'noj universalizatsii.
UPRAVLENIE PERSONALOM

Svetlana Sotnikova, Nikita Sotnikov Statistika v upravlenii delovoj kar'eroj personala (s.132–142)

delovaya kar'era, kar'ernaya politika organizatsii, konkurentosposobnost' rabotnika, statistika delovoj kar'eri, otrasli statistiki delovoj kar'eri, metodi statistiki kar'eri, pokazateli statistiki kar'eri
Na osnove analiza i obobscheniya mnogoletnego opita kar'ernogo konsul'tirovaniya, provedennogo statisticheskogo issledovaniya kar'ernoj politiki rossijskikh predpriyatij v stat'e obosnovivaetsya ob'ektivnaya neobkhodimost' stanovleniya i razvitiya statistiki kar'eri. Daetsya avtorskaya traktovka ponyatiya «statistika kar'eri». Statistika delovoj kar'eri rassmatrivaetsya kak samostoyatel'naya nauka, imeyuschaya svoj predmet i metod, sistemu pokazatelej. Osuschestvlena logiko-metodologicheskaya sistematizatsiya pokazatelej i metodov statisticheskogo issledovaniya delovoj kar'eri v organizatsiyakh.
  • Bez statisticheskogo issledovaniya zakonomernostej delovoj kar'eri nevozmozhno dostizhenie konkurentosposobnosti organizatsii na rinke truda.
  • Statistika delovoj kar'eri kak samostoyatel'naya otrasl' sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj statistiki prizvana bit' garantiej professional'nogo podkhoda k investirovaniyu v kar'eru sobstvennogo personala. Statistika delovoj kar'eri izuchaet voprosi, svyazannie s tekuschim i strategicheskim sborom i rasprostraneniem obobschennoj ob'ektivnoj informatsii o posledovatel'nosti izmenenij sposobov pozitsionirovaniya rabotnikov na rinke truda.
Contents
ECONOMIC POLICY: STRATEGY AND TACTICS

Mikhail Voeykov, Galina Anisimova Economic Policy and Problems of Socioeconomic Inequality (pp.6–19)

inequality, economic policy, economic development
The paper summarizes academic approaches to the analysis of the relationship of economic inequality and economic development. The authors show that post-soviet Russia is characterized by an unjustified increase in economic inequality against the background of growing number of the poor, deceleration of population’s real incomes and GDP growth caused by lacking coherence between priorities and economic reforms tactics on the one hand and the priorities and pace of social reforms on the other. It is proved that in shaping the economic policy it is necessary to develop the foundations of the welfare state and at the same time reduce economic inequality to the optimum level.

Anatoli Todosiychuk On Staffing of Russian Economy’s Innovative Development (pp.20–30)

professional training, staff, science, innovation, industry, science and technology policy, financing, economy
The article analyzes the current state of professional training, science and Russian economy. The author proves that the critical condition of the economy is, to a large extent, explained by the quality of the HR component of productive forces, which, in its turn, depends on the quality of staff training system at all levels, and its scientific support. Recommendations of how to improve governmental socioeconomic policy in the field of professional training and science are exposed.

Vladimir Kondratyev Localization as Economic Modernization Tool (pp.31–39)

local content requirements, government procurement, economic growth, new industries creation, job creation, national business activity
The article addresses the specifics of localization policy and local content requirements (LCRs) as an effective mechanism of state regulation aimed at job creation in home country and encouragement of national companies. It is shown that historically localization policy was associated with government procurement and mandated state funded projects.

Marina Alekseeva, Victor Bogachev Designing Economic Development Strategies: Problems and Scenarios (pp.40–46)

economic development strategy, crisis management, economic mechanism, systemic, scenario and synergetic approaches, import substitution
Challenges facing the present day economic management system are analyzed. Modern scientific approaches to restructuring of the economic mechanism are formulated. The authors stress the topicality of opting for the scenario method to design the development strategy of any social or economic object.
STATE GOVERNANCE

Mikhail Kiyko On the Mechanism of Ensuring National Anti-Drug Security (pp.47–56)

safety, drug safety, drug trafficking, narcotization of society
The author sees the solution of the multidimensional problem of drug trafficking and drug involvement of society in developing a comprehensive mechanism for national anti-drug security. In his opinion, globalization of contemporary life requires adequate changes in forms and methods of combating the global threat of drug distribution, as well as a new paradigm of global anti-drug policy. He proposes to create a Russian state-run corporation aimed at cooperation with Central Asian countries, whose activity would distract these countries’ population from participating in drug production and distribution.
ECONOMIC POLICY: STRATEGY AND TACTICS

Vladimir Burkov, Elena Kotyrlo Industrial Parks as Form of State Support for Economic Development (pp.57–67)

industrial park, national industrial policy, industrial clusters, special economic zones, priority development areas
The article examines the governmental encouragement of economic development through industrial parks creation. The authors investigate options in state support for implementing investment projects, which are linked with creation and operation of industrial parks, along with other forms of stimulating economic development — like special economic zones, priority socioeconomic development areas, industrial and innovation clusters.
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Yuri Popkov, Alexander Shvetsov, Yulia Naumova Sea Transport Potential of the Arctic Region: Conditions and Risks of Use (pp.68–76)

Arctic region, transportation potential, Northern Sea Route, transportation by sea, export transportation of hydrocarbons, risk assessment
Prospects of using the Northern Sea Route (NSR) in the context of solving tasks related to comprehensive development of RF’s Arctic Region are researched. Problems and potential risks are generalized that hinder a full-scale commercialization of NSR transportation potential.

Boris Porfiriev, Nikolai Terentiev, Valeri Semikashev Problems and Priorities of Energy Development in the Russian Arctic in the Context of Climate Change (pp.77–86)

Arctic, Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation, energy sector, climate change, sustainable development, renewable energy sources
The energy supply specifics and problems in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF) are investigated. The effect of climate change on AZRF energy development is described. The dynamics of the heating period duration (up to 2050) is evaluated in view of the advancing warming trend in the region. The directions of energy supply systems development in AZRF are formulated with a view to leading-edge energy technologies (including renewable energy sources).

Dmitri Eliseyev The Northern Sea Route: Global Warming, Economy and Geopolitics (pp.87–94)

Northern Sea Route, geopolitics, Arctic class ships, transit route, atomic icebreaking fleet
The article gives an overview of geopolitical opinions and claims of the states concerned to get access to and operate in the Northern Sea Route (NSR). The need is proved to ensure exclusive national sovereignty over the through-passage. Economic aspects of NSP functioning are discussed, the role of the state and business in its development is determined.

Petr Burak, Victor Rostanets, Anatoli Topilin Formation of Interregional Institutions for RF Constituents’ Development Coordination (pp.95–103)

region, socioeconomic development, interregional economic ties, institutions for development coordination
Theoretical and methodological premises are substantiated to set up interregional institutions for development coordination in the Russian Federation, which is aimed at overcoming imbalances in the development of regions and consolidating the country’s economic space. Ways are proposed to close the gap in management levels, one of these ways previews that principles and experience of economic zoning accumulated in previous periods of Russia’s historical evolution are to be applied.
MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING

Marina Predvoditeleva, Kira Reshetnikova, Elizaveta Slevich Hospitality and Tourism Industry Management as Research Field and Knowledge Area: International and Russian Perspectives (pp.104–114)

tourism, hospitality, higher education, research, citation, conferences
The authors examine the role of hospitality and tourism industry in world economy and the emerging opportunities for science and education. On the basis of publications in international journals transformation of research in the given area in Russia and abroad over the last three decades is demonstrated.

Vladimir Strokov, Anastasia Shuvalova Demand Management through Changing the Functional Quality of Product (pp.115–122)

consumer function (property), functional quality of product, quality of product management, supply management of a company, demand management, supply-and-demand curve
The authors’ model of managing demand by changing the functional quality of product is presented, according to which product models of different functional quality are offered to different consumer price segments. The demand-and-supply curve of models for a changing-quality product is shown, this modifies the traditional perception of the market mechanism of producer — consumer interaction.

Olga Demyanova Development of Production Activity Instrumentalization (pp.123–131)

production, competitiveness, development, management tools
The main stages of production activity instrumentalization are generalized, whose effect is proved on market paradigm formation and implementation of scientific approaches shaping a new type of production and development level of production tools.
PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Svetlana Sotnikova, Nikita Sotnikov Statistics in Management of Staff’s Business Career (pp.132–142)

business career, career policy of organization, worker’s competitiveness, business career statistics, branches of business career statistics, methods of career statistics, career statistics indicators
Proceeding from the analysis and generalization of long-term experience in career consulting, the authors argue in favour of an objective need for the making and development of career statistics. They present their own interpretation of the term ‘career statistics’. Indicators and methods of statistical research into business career in organizations are systematized logically and methodologically.