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Cover Grinin L.E., Carneiro R.L., Bondarenko D.M., Kradin N.N., Korotayev A.V. The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues 

Grinin L.E., Carneiro R.L., Bondarenko D.M., Kradin N.N., Korotayev A.V. (Ed.).
The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues
2004. Hardcover. 544 pp. 16.9 EUR
ISBN 5-7057-0547-6

OTHER BOOKS BY THESE AUTHORS:
History and mathematics: Analyzing and Modeling Global Development.
History and mathematics: Historical Dynamics and Development of Complex Societies.
Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilizations: Ancient and Medieval Cultures.
Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilizations: Political Aspects of Modernity.
Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilizations: Cultural Dimensions.
The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues.
Introduction to Social Macrodynamics: Secular Cycles and Millennial Trends in Africa.
Introduction to Social Macrodynamics: Compact Macromodels of the World System Growth.
Introduction to Social Macrodynamics: Secular Cycles and Millennial Trends.

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 Summary

Issues of formation and evolution of the early (archaic) state continue to remain among those problems which have not found their generally accepted solutions yet. Contributors to The Early State , Its Alternatives and Analogues represent both traditional and non-traditional points of view on the evolution of statehood. However, the data presented in the volume seem to demonstrate in a fairly convincing manner a great diversity of pathways to statehood, as well as non-universality of transformation into states of complex and even supercomplex societies. The diversity of sociopolitical forms, non-unilinearity of social evolution, presence of alternatives/analogues of the early state and complexity of state formation process far exceeding the ones indicated by conventional evolutionist schemes can be regarded as general ideas going through most contributions to the volume.

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В работах, вошедших в данный сборник, рассматриваются некоторые важнейшие вопросы формирования и развития раннего государства. Основными идеями, пронизывающими большинство статей книги являются разнообразие социополитических форм, неоднолинейность социальной эволюции, наличие альтернатив и аналогов раннего государства и сложность процесса формирования государства, выходящего далеко за пределы традиционных эволюционистских схем. В материалах сборника, авторами которых являются ведущие зарубежные и отечественные историки, антропологи, философы (У. Айронс, Р. Баум, Ю. Березкин, М. Берент, Э. Львова, Г. Классен, Э. Редмонд, Д. Робинсон, П. Скальник, Ч. Спенсер, Г. Фейнман, А Хазанов, П. Чэбел, Р. Шэдел и др), представлены различные исторические эпохи и почти все части света.

Представленные материалы убедительно демонстрируют разнообразие путей, ведущих к развитию государства, и подчеркивают отсутствие универсальных моделей преобразования сложных обществ в государства.

Данный сборник ориентирован на широкий круг читателей, как специалистов в области антропологии, социологии, философии, истории, других гуманитарных наук, так и тех, кто интересуется вопросами философии, истории, общественного развития.

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Contents

Part I: Theory

1 Alternatives of Social Evolution ………………………………… 3

Dmitri M. Bondarenko, Leonid E. Grinin, and Andrey V. Korotayev

2 Was the Chiefdom a Congelation of Ideas? …………………… 28

Robert L. Carneiro

3 Beyond States and Empires: Chiefdoms and Informal Politics 46

Patrick Chabal, Gary Feinman, and Peter Skalnik

4 Alternative Models of Middle Range Society.

‘Individualistic' Asia vs . ‘Collectivistic' America ? …………… 61

Yuri E. Berezkin

5 Was the State Inevitable? ………………………………………… 72

Henri J. M. Claessen

6 The Early State and Its Analogues: A Comparative Analysis 88

Leonid E. Grinin

Part II: Early States

7 Early Dynastic Egypt : A Socio-Environmental/Anthropological

Hypothesis of ‘Unification' ………………………………………. 139

Dmitri B. Proussakov

8 The Ruler as Possessor of Power in Sumer …………………….. 181

Vladimir V. Emelianov

9 Ritual and Rationality:

Religious Roots of the Bureaucratic State in Ancient China 196

Richard Baum

10 Conquest Warfare, Strategies of Resistance, and the Rise

of the Zapotec Early State ……………………………………… 220

Charles S. Spencer and Elsa M. Redmond

11 The Pristine Myth of the Pristine State in America ……………. 262

Richard P. Schaedel and David G. Robinson

12 The Transition to Statehood in Central Europe ………………. 278

Ludomir R. Lozny

13 Formation and Development of States in the Congo Basin …… 288

Eleonora S. L'vova

Part III: Sedentary Alternatives and Analogues

14 The Chiefdom: Precursor of the Tribe? (Some Trends of Political

Evolution in North-East Yemeni Highlands) …………………… 300

Andrey V. Korotayev

15 From Local Communities to Megacommunity: Biniland

in the 1 st Millennium B.C.–19 th Century A.D. ………………… 325

Dmitri M. Bondarenko

16 Greece : The Stateless Polis (11 th – 4 th С enturies B.C.) …………. 364

Moshe Berent

17 Rome : Socio-political Evolution in the 8 th – 2 nd Centuries B.C. 388

Dmitri V. Dozhdev

18 Early State and Democra с y ……………………………………… 419

Leonid E. Grinin

Part IV. Nomadic Alternatives and Analogues

19 Cultural Capital, Livestock Raiding, and the Military Advantage

of Traditional Pastoralists ……………………………………… 466

William Irons

20 Nomads of the Eurasian Steppes in Historical Retrospective 476

Anatoly M. Khazanov

21 Nomadic Empires in Evolutionary Perspective ………………… 501

Nikolay N. Kradin

22 Mongolian Nomadic Society of the Empire Period …………… 525

Tatyana D. Skrynnikova



 
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