Цель этой книги - выяснить, что представляет собой язык. Формулируя требования к знаковым системам, которые можно рассматривать как язык, автор анализирует функции языка, его иерархические структуры и размерность, различные подходы к классификации языков. Строя семантическую шкалу языков, он... (More)
432 pp. (English). Paperback. Second-hand book. The state is rated 8.85 (out of 10). Rare book.
The way in which knowledge progresses, and especially our scientific knowledge, is by unjustified (and unjustifiable) anticipations, by guesses, by tentative solutions to our problems, by conjectures. These conjectures are controlled by criticism: that is, by attempted refutations, which include severely... (More)
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