The book focuses upon the key problems of the stylistic of the English language.
It suggests the fundamentals of stylistic theory that outline such basic areas of research as expressive resources of the language, stylistic differentiation of vocabulary, varieties of the national language, and sociolinguistic and pragmatic factors that determine functional styles.
The book combines theoretical study and practice. Each chapter is supplied with a special section that enables the students to revise and process the theoretical part by drawing conclusions and parallels, doing comparison and critical analysis. Another type of practice involves creative tasks on stylistic analysis and interpretation.
The book is intended for anybody with an interest in the English language, but more specifically for students learning a course in Stylistics of the English language, to whom this book will be an essential companion.
|Chapter 1. The Object of Stylistics|
| ||1.1. Problems of stylistic research|
| ||1.2. Stylistics of language and speech|
| ||1.3. Types of stylistic research and branches
| ||1.4. Stylistics and other linguistic disciplines|
| ||1.5. Stylistic neutrality and stylistic colouring|
| ||1.6. Stylistic function notion|
|Chapter 2. Expressive Resources of the Language|
| ||2.1. Expressive means and stylistic devices|
| ||2.2. Different classifications of expressive means|
| || ||2.2.1. Hellenistic Roman rhetoric system.|
| || ||2.2.2. Stylistic theory and classification
of expresssive means by G. Leech|
| || ||2.2.3. I. R. Galperin's classification of expressive
means and stylistic devices|
| || ||2.2.4. Classification of expressive means and
stylistic devices by Y. M. Skrebnev|
|Chapter 3. Stylistic Grammar|
| ||3.1. The theory of grammatical gradation. Marked,
semi-marked and unmarked structures|
| ||3.2. Grammatical metaphor and types of grammatical
| ||3.3. Morphological stylistics. Stylistic potential
of the parts of speech|
| || ||3.3.1. The noun and its stylistic potential|
| || ||3.3.2. The article and its stylistic potential|
| || ||3.3.3. The stylistic power of the pronoun|
| || ||3.3.4. The adjective and its stylistic functions|
| || ||3.3.5. The verb and its stylistic properties|
| || ||3.3.6. Affixation and its expressiveness|
| ||3.4. Stylistic syntax|
|Chapter 4. The Theory of Functional Styles|
| ||4.1. The notion of style in functional stylistics|
| ||4.2. Correlation of style, norm and function
in the language|
| ||4.3. Language varieties: regional, social,
| ||4.4. An overview of functional style systems|
| ||4.5. Distinctive linguistic features of the major
functional styles of English|
| || ||4.5.1. Literary colloquial style|
| || ||4.5.2. Familiar colloquial style|
| || ||4.5.3. Publicist (media) style|
| || ||4.5.4. The style of official documents|
| || ||4.5.5. Scientific/academic style|
|Chapter 5. Decoding Stylistics
and Its Fundamental Notions|
| ||5.1. Stylistics of the author and of the reader.
The notions of encoding and decoding|
| ||5.2. Essential concepts of decoding stylistic analysis
and types of foregrounding|
| || ||5.2.1. Convergence|
| || ||5.2.2. Defeated expectancy|
| || ||5.2.3. Coupling|
| || ||5.2.4. Semantic field|
| || ||5.2.5. Semi-marked structures|
|Test Yourself Section|
|Glossary for the Course of Stylistics|
|List of Authors and Publications Quoted|
The book suggests the fundamentals of stylistic theory that outline
such basic areas of research as expressive resources of the language,
stylistic differentiation of vocabulary, varieties of the national language
and sociolinguistic and pragmatic factors that determine functional
The second chapter will take a student of English to the beginnings
of stylistics in Greek and Roman schools of rhetoric and show how
much modern terminology and classifications of expressive means
owe to rhetoric.
An important part of the book is devoted to the new tendencies and
schools of stylistics that assimilated advancements in the linguistic
science in such trends of the 20th century as functional, decoding
and grammatical stylistics.
The material on the wealth of expressive means of English will help
a student of philology, a would-be teacher and a reader of literature
not only to receive orientation in how to fully decode the message of
the work of art and therefore enjoy it all the more but also to improve
their own style of expression.
The chapter on functional styles highlights the importance of юtime
and placeя in language usage. It tells how the same language differs
when used for different purposes on different occasions in communication
with different people. It explains why we adopt different uses of
language as we go through our day. A selection of distinctive features
of each functional style will help to identify and use it correctly
whether you deal with producing or analysing a text of a certain
Chapters on grammar stylistics and decoding stylistics are intended
to introduce the student to the secrets of how a stylistic device works.
Modern linguistics may help to identify the nature and algorithm of
stylistic effect by showing what kind of semantic change, grammatical
transposition or lexical deviation results in various stylistic outcomes.
This book combines theoretical study and practice. Each chapter is
supplied with a special section that enables the student and the teacher
to revise and process the theoretical part by drawing conclusions and
parallels, doing comparison and critical analysis. Another type of practice
involves creative tasks on stylistic analysis and interpretation, such
as identifying devices in literary texts, explaining their function and
the principle of performance, decoding the implications they create.
The knowledge of the theoretical background of stylistic research and
the experience of integrating it into one's analytical reading skills
will enhance the competence and proficiency of a future teacher
of English. Working with literary texts on this level also helps to
develop one's cultural scope and aesthetic taste. It will also enrich
the student's linguistic and stylistic thesaurus.
The author owes acknowledgements for the kindly assistance in
reading and stylistic editing of this work to a colleague from the
Shimer College of Chicago, a lecturer in English and American
About the author
is the Director of the
Institute of Linguistics
at the Russian State
and Pedagogical University
where she is professor
in the Department of German Philology.
Tatiana A.Znamenskaya is an active researcher. She is the author of more than 100 publications in Russia and abroad, including text books for students and teachers of philology.
The areas of her scientific interests comprise stylistics, grammars, and comparative linguistics.
Tatiana A.Znamenskaya has founded
her own scientific school.