Cover Международный НИИ проблем управления Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ: Конец глобализации или новый этап? Освоение ресурсного потенциала Арктики. Сценарный менеджмент: генезис и перспективы. Человеческий капитал сельского населения
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Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ:
Конец глобализации или новый этап? Освоение ресурсного потенциала Арктики. Сценарный менеджмент: генезис и перспективы. Человеческий капитал сельского населения №12/2017

URSS. 144 pp. (Russian). ISBN 9770234450124.
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Soderzhanie
INTEGRATsIONNIE PROTsESSI

Vladimir Kondrat'ev Konets globalizatsii ili novij etap? (s.6–17)

globalizatsiya, mezhdunarodnaya torgovlya, kapital'nie potoki, transnatsional'nie korporatsii
Raskrivaetsya rol' britanskogo golosovaniya o vikhode iz Evropejskogo soyuza (Brekzit) kak klyuchevogo momenta krizisa global'noj ekonomiki, kotorij trebuet fundamental'noj pereotsenki osnovnikh sovremennikh tsennostej. Delaetsya vivod o neobkhodimosti razrabotki al'ternativ slozhivshejsya modeli globalizatsii, kotoraya blagopriyatstvovala tol'ko nebol'shim gruppam sovremennogo obschestva.
  • Novie «natsionalisti» utverzhdayut, chto globalizatsiya obogatila tol'ko eliti i postavila v nevigodnoe polozhenie obichnikh lyudej, i chto gosudarstvo dolzhno stimulirovat' natsional'nikh proizvoditelej, ogranichivaya global'nie potoki lyudej, tovarov i kapitala.
  • Poslednim iz takikh predlozhenij postupilo ot Prezidenta Trampa – ugroza ignorirovat' pravila Vsemirnoj torgovoj organizatsii i vvesti importnie tarifi dlya stran s nedobrosovestnoj torgovoj praktikoj. V SShA takaya politika nachinaetsya s planov vozrozhdeniya obrabativayuschej promishlennosti i sozdaniya novikh rabochikh mest.
  • Eksperti predpolagayut, chto mir, vozmozhno, voshel v novuyu fazu poslevoennogo razvitiya ekonomiki i novuyu fazu globalizatsii. Na novom etape proizojdet otstuplenie globalizatsii vpervie posle 1945g.
MEZhDUNARODNIJ OPIT

Vladimir Klimanov, Aliya Safina Opit zarubezhnikh stran v zakreplenii raskhodnikh polnomochij mezhdu urovnyami gosudarstvennogo upravleniya (s.18–31)

razgranichenie polnomochij, detsentralizatsiya, raskhodnie obyazatel'stva, regional'nij byudzhet, strani mira, urovni gosudarstvennogo upravleniya
Izuchen opit zarubezhnikh stran v zakreplenii raskhodnikh polnomochij mezhdu urovnyami gosudarstvennogo upravleniya sredi 20 stran na osnove statistiki gosudarstvennikh finansov Mezhdunarodnogo valyutnogo fonda. Provedena inventarizatsiya osnovnikh raskhodnikh polnomochij izuchennikh stran, proanalizirovani ob'emi raskhodov raznikh urovnej vlasti po funktsional'nim napravleniyam. Po itogam obzora sformulirovani osnovnie vivodi po sisteme razgranicheniya raskhodnikh polnomochij kak mekhanizma provedeniya gibkoj ekonomicheskoj politiki.
  • Polnomochiya urovnej dubliruyutsya i, nesmotrya na pravovuyu reglamentirovannost', isklyuchitel'nosti v polnomochiyakh prakticheski ne suschestvuet.
  • Bol'shie ob'emi tsentral'nogo byudzheta ne privodyat k posledovatel'nomu uvelicheniyu raskhodov na uslugi natsional'nogo kharaktera (obrazovanie, zdravookhranenie i t.d.).
  • Ne suschestvuet edinogo podkhoda, ob'yasnyayuschego osobennosti razgranicheniya polnomochij mezhdu urovnyami publichnoj vlasti.
GOSUDARSTVENNOE UPRAVLENIE

Nikolaj Gontar' Biznes i gosudarstvo v razvitii transgranichnoj klasterizatsii (s.32–39)

klaster, klasternaya politika, transgranichnij klaster, rinochnij protsess, gosudarstvo
Rassmatrivayutsya funktsii biznesa i gosudarstva v razvitii transgranichnoj klasterizatsii kak maksimal'no effektivnoj formi klasterizatsii ekonomiki. Predlozhen analiz polozhitel'nikh i otritsatel'nikh faktorov vliyaniya estestvenno-geograficheskikh i geoekonomicheskikh uslovij, a takzhe biznesa i gosudarstva v Rossii na stanovlenie transgranichnogo vektora klasterizatsii. Oboznacheni klyuchevie vektori modernizatsii gosudarstvennoj klasternoj politiki v dannom napravlenii.
  • Transgranichnie klasteri predstavlyayut soboj maksimal'no effektivnuyu v usloviyakh globalizatsii formu klasterizatsii ekonomiki, vvidu chego klasternaya politika dolzhna bit' napravlena na sozdanie uslovij ikh rosta.
  • V Rossii estestvenno-geograficheskie i geoekonomicheskie usloviya transgranichnoj klasterizatsii menee blagopriyatni, chem v stranakh ES, chto dopolnyaetsya otnositel'no slaboj zainteresovannost'yu v takogo roda strategii chastnogo krupnogo biznesa.
  • Prioritetom gosudarstvennoj politiki klasterizatsii v RF dolzhno stat' smeschenie «tsentra tyazhesti» ot pryamikh mer podderzhki k formirovaniyu uslovij samoorganizatsii v ekonomike, chto pozvolit zadejstvovat' rinochnie mekhanizmi klasterizatsii.
REGIONAL'NOE RAZVITIE

Aleksandr Shvetsov, Yuliya Naumova Ekonomicheskoe prostranstvo Arkticheskogo regiona: suschnost', soderzhanie i osobennosti formirovaniya (s.40–47)

ekonomicheskoe prostranstvo, Arkticheskaya zona, faktori prostranstvennogo razvitiya, problemi globalizatsii
Predstavleno sovremennoe videnie problem formirovaniya i razvitiya ekonomicheskogo prostranstva rossijskoj Arktiki. Viyavlyayutsya opredelyayuschie usloviya i faktori prostranstvennogo razvitiya regiona. S uchetom global'nikh izmenenij, svyazannikh s perekhodom k postindustrial'nomu, informatsionnomu obschestvu, formuliruyutsya osnovnie trebovaniya k formirovaniyu kachestvenno novogo ekonomicheskogo prostranstva regiona.
  • Osnovoj formirovaniya ekonomicheskogo prostranstva rossijskoj Arktiki dolzhni stat', prezhde vsego, ekonomicheskie voprosi.
  • Kontseptsiya ekonomicheskogo prostranstva daet vozmozhnost' okhvatit' ves' kompleks faktorov (v tom chisle, uchitivayuschikh vliyanie globalizatsionnikh protsessov), tak ili inache opredelyayuschikh sposobnost' regiona k samostoyatel'noj ekonomicheskoj deyatel'nosti.
  • Pervostepennoj zadachej ekonomicheskogo prostranstva rossijskoj Arktiki yavlyaetsya sozdanie ustojchivoj i umerenno samodostatochnoj ekonomicheskoj sredi, kotoraya formiruet suschestvennuyu dobavlennuyu stoimost' i yavlyaetsya privlekatel'noj dlya postoyannogo prozhivaniya naseleniya.

Ashot Khachaturyan, Dmitrij Eliseev Mekhanizmi gosudarstvennogo upravleniya kompleksnim osvoeniem resursnogo potentsiala Arktiki (s.48–54)

Arkticheskaya Programma, programmno-tselevoj podkhod, transportnaya sistema, ispol'zovanie prirodnikh resursov, pokazateli razvitiya
Opredeleno, chto suschestvuyuschaya gosprogramma razvitiya Arktike yavlyaetsya nesovershennoj kak v chasti postavlennikh tselej i zadach, tak i v chasti mekhanizmov kontrolya i opredeleniya effektivnosti. Predlozheni vozmozhnie varianti korrektirovki programmi s tsel'yu povisheniya ee effektivnosti.
  • Otsenka effektivnosti byudzhetnikh vlozhenij na osnove uchitivaemikh pokazatelej pokazivaet krajnyuyu neratsional'nost' suschestvuyuschikh raskhodov.
  • V programme razvitiya Arktiki dolzhni bit' otrazheni chetkie pokazateli razvitiya resursnoj bazi regiona, ekonomiki regiona i ego transportnoj infrastrukturi.
  • V gosudarstvennoj programme fakticheski otsutstvuyut pokazateli rezul'tativnosti vosproizvodstva i ispol'zovaniya prirodnikh resursov primenitel'no k rossijskoj Arktike.
INVESTITsII I INNOVATsII

Aleksandr Buchnev Innovatsionnaya i investitsionnaya aktivnost' v vozobnovlyaemoj energetike (s.55–65)

vozobnovlyaemie istochniki energii, innovatsionnie volni, peredayuschaya infrastruktura, stimulirovanie innovatsionnoj i delovoj aktivnosti
Obobschayutsya osobennosti innovatsionnoj i investitsionnoj aktivnosti v vozobnovlyaemoj energetike na fone dinamiki tsen na neft'. Issleduetsya vzaimosvyaz' stoimostnikh pokazatelej vozobnovlyaemoj energetiki so stoimost'yu gazovoj generatsii. Otsenivayutsya perspektivi vozobnovlyaemoj energetiki.
  • V energetike nablyudaetsya tsiklichnaya smena dominiruyuschikh energoresursov.
  • S ekonomicheskoj tochki zreniya ispol'zovanie vozobnovlyaemikh istochnikov energii mozhno rassmatrivat' kak effektivnoe sredstvo stimulirovaniya innovatsionnoj i delovoj aktivnosti v natsional'nikh ekonomikakh.
  • Segodnya segment VIE kak element innovatsionnoj ekologicheski chistoj energetiki stanovitsya ser'eznim komponentom razvitoj ekonomiki.

Svetlana Korol' O metodologicheskikh podkhodakh k otsenke i viboru innovatsionnikh i investitsionnikh proektov (s.66–72)

investitsionnij proekt, innovatsionnij proekt, vibor proekta, slabostrukturirovannaya sistema, ekspertnaya otsenka, informatsionnoe obespechenie, setevaya ekspertiza
Rassmotren metodologicheskij podkhod k virabotke edinoj sistemi strategicheskogo planirovaniya, sinkhroniziruyuschij dokumenti planirovaniya vsekh urovnej upravleniya. Predlozheno rassmatrivat' innovatsionnie proekti kak investitsionnie, vklyuchayuschie tri etapa: vibor innovatsionnogo proekta i investitsionnogo proekta, sozdanie material'no-proizvodstvennoj bazi dlya ego realizatsii i kommertsializatsiyu produktsii.
  • Innovatsionnoe razvitie v tselom na vsekh urovnyakh upravleniya neposredstvenno svyazano so strategicheskim planirovaniem v Rossijskoj Federatsii i sinkhronizatsii sootvetstvuyuschikh planov vsekh urovnej upravleniya.
  • Prinimaya innovatsionnij proekt kak investi-tsionnij proekt, neobkhodimo svyazivat' ego s razrabotkoj, sozdaniem material'no-proizvodstvennoj bazi proizvodstva i kommertsializatsiej produktsii na osnove stroi-tel'nogo kompleksa.
  • Predlagaemoe strukturirovanie otsenki proek-ta po etapam ego realizatsii v sisteme setevoj ekspertizi pozvolit snizit' riski, svyazannie s vozmozhnim iskazheniem informatsii pri otsenke proekta kak slabostrukturirovannoj sistemi na predvaritel'nom etape.
KORPORATIVNOE UPRAVLENIE

Sergej Krasil'nikov Problemi sootnosheniya rosta i finansovoj ustojchivosti dochernikh kompanij kholdinga (s.73–81)

kholding, tempi rosta, kapitaloemkost' rosta, izbitochnost' aktivov, oplata truda, sklonnost' k risku
Raskrivayutsya voprosi planirovaniya i otsenki rezul'tatov deyatel'nosti dochernikh kompanij kholdinga s ispol'zovaniem takikh pokazatelej, kak tempi rosta viruchki i pribili (v razlichnom izmerenii), kapitaloemkosti rosta, effektivnosti otdel'nikh faktorov proizvodstva i t.d. Osoboe vnimanie udeleno voprosam, svyazannim s effektivnost'yu raskhodov na oplatu truda, vklyuchaya voznagrazhdenie top-menedzhmenta.
  • Risk snizheniya finansovoj ustojchivosti mozhet realizovat'sya (khotya i v rezul'tate dejstviya razlichnikh faktorov) v usloviyakh kak visokikh, tak i nizkikh tempov rosta kompanii.
  • Tendentsiya k snizheniyu kapitaloemkosti ekonomicheskogo rosta (po vlozheniyam v fizicheskij kapital) soprovozhdaetsya uvelicheniem ob'ema vovlechennogo chelovecheskogo kapitala pri vozrastayuschikh trebovaniyakh k effektivnomu ispol'zovaniyu sredstv, napravlyaemikh na motivatsiyu rabotnikov.
  • Suschestvennoe znachenie priobretaet sistema voznagrazhdeniya, orientiruyuschaya top-menedzhment na formirovaniya optimal'nogo sootnosheniya mezhdu tempami rosta i finansovoj ustojchivost'yu kompanii.
MENEDZhMENT I MARKETING

Ruslan Dolzhenko Geomarketingovoe modelirovanie raspolozheniya ustrojstv samoobsluzhivaniya bankovskoj organizatsii v gorode (s.82–91)

bank, geomarketing, geomarketingovoe modelirovanie, ustrojstva samoobsluzhivaniya, bankomati, informatsionno-platezhnie terminali
Raskrivayutsya vozmozhnosti ispol'zovaniya geomarketinga v kachestve instrumenta modelirovaniya optimal'nogo prostranstvennogo raspolozheniya seti ustrojstv samoobsluzhivaniya, takikh kak bankomati i informatsionno-platёzhnie terminali. Opisani metodicheskie podkhodi k realizatsii geomarketingovogo modelirovaniya optimal'nogo raspolozheniya infrastrukturnikh ob'ektov banka, predlozheni rekomendatsii po otsenke planiruemikh mest razmescheniya bankomatov i informatsionno-platёzhnikh terminalov.
  • Geomarketing — eto rinochnaya kontseptsiya upravleniya sovremennim proizvodstvom na osnove geoinformatsionnikh tekhnologij, kotoraya predpolagaet ispol'zovanie prostranstvenno-lokalizovannoj informatsii dlya podderzhki prinyatiya reshenij.
  • Osnovnaya tsel' ispol'zovaniya geomarketinga dlya postroeniya tselevoj seti ustrojstv samoobsluzhivaniya sostoit v effektivnom ispol'zovanii moschnosti lokal'nogo rinka.
  • Geomarketing pozvolit banku opredelit' naibolee predpochtitel'nie (s tochki zreniya effektivnosti) razmescheniya ustrojstv samoobsluzhivaniya v naselёnnikh punktakh.

Vladimir Kryuchkov Priroda printsipial'nogo skhodstva mezhdu stsenarnim menedzhmentom, prognozirovaniem i strategicheskim menedzhmentom (s.92–96)

stsenarnij menedzhment, strategicheskij menedzhment, prognozirovanie
Predstavlena tochka zreniya na prirodu skhodstva mezhdu stsenarnim menedzhmentom i predshestvuyuschimi emu instrumentami — prognozirovaniem i strategicheskim menedzhmentom, analiziruetsya ikh metodologicheskoe osnovanie. Obsuzhdaetsya glavnij tezis o skhodstve etikh podkhodov na osnove priznaniya printsipial'noj nepredskazuemosti buduschego.
  • Stsenarnij menedzhment, prognozirovanie i strategicheskij menedzhment traditsionno bili metodologicheski edini v predpolozhenii predskazuemosti buduschego.
  • Priznanie printsipial'noj nepredskazuemosti buduschego stalo odnoj iz predposilok formirovaniya novoj paradigmi strategicheskikh distsiplin i distsiplin, svyazannikh s nimi.
  • Konturi novoj paradigmi chastichno oboznacheni kontseptsiej determinirovannogo khaosa, teoriej fraktalov i teoriej katastrof.

Svetlana Bratchenko Stsenarnij menedzhment: genezis i perspektivi (s.97–100)

stsenarnij menedzhment, strategicheskij menedzhment, risk-menedzhment, chuvstvitel'nost' strategii, prognozirovanie, volatil'nost', izmenchivost' vneshnej sredi, adaptivnij podkhod
Stat'ya posvyaschena soderzhaniyu ponyatiya «stsenarnij menedzhment» i zakonomernosti ego poyavleniya v sovremennikh usloviyakh. Po mneniyu avtora, traditsionnaya paradigma strategicheskogo menedzhmenta, predpolagayuschaya razrabotku edinstvennoj strategii, perestaet bit' effektivnoj v usloviyakh volatil'noj vneshnej sredi. Vse bolee neobkhodimoj stanovitsya razrabotka neskol'kikh strategij odnovremenno, to est' stsenarnoe upravlenie.
  • V razvitikh sistemakh analiz perspektiv vse v bol'shej stepeni nosit divergentnij, rasshiryayuschijsya kharakter v stremlenii uchest' faktori neopredelennosti i razlichiya mezhdu vozmozhnimi putyami buduschego razvitiya, a protsessi prinyatiya reshenij prodolzhayut ostavat'sya konvergentnimi, skhodyaschimisya v stremlenii firmi virabotat' edinij kurs dejstvij.
  • Adaptivnie kontseptsii predlagayut resheniya v usloviyakh izvestnikh kachestvennikh, no neizvestnikh kolichestvennikh parametrov vneshnej sredi.
  • Vazhnejshim svojstvom (i odnovremenno slozhnost'yu) stsenarnogo menedzhmenta yavlyaetsya neobkhodimost' tak razrabativat' strategii, chtobi oni okazivalis' sovmestimimi mezhdu soboj.
UPRAVLENIE ChELOVEChESKIM KAPITALOM

Marina Izmajlova Evolyutsiya strategicheskoj roli upravleniya chelovecheskimi resursami na korporativnom urovne (s.101–110)

chelovecheskie resursi, chelovecheskij kapital, intellektual'nij kapital, strategicheskoe upravlenie
Aktualiziruetsya problema poiska putej i dostupnikh instrumentov resheniya problem, determinirovannikh turbulentnost'yu vneshnej sredi. Podcherkivaetsya, chto reshenie vsego kompleksa voznikayuschikh problem vozmozhno na osnove ispol'zovaniya chelovecheskikh resursov s aktsentom na ikh intellektual'noj sostavlyayuschej. Rassmatrivaetsya struktura chelovecheskikh resursov, daetsya kharakteristika chelovecheskogo kapitala, pokazan ego vklad v dostizhenie natsional'nogo bogatstva strani i strategicheskogo uspekha kompanij.
  • Turbulentnost' sovremennoj ekonomicheskoj sredi stavit rossijskie kompanii v situatsii resheniya tselogo kompleksa problem, osnovannogo na primenenii effektivnikh instrumentov, odnim iz kotorikh vistupaet maksimal'noe ispol'zovanie potentsiala chelovecheskikh resursov.
  • V sovremennoj ekonomike, znamenuyuschejsya ustojchivim trendom na tekhnologicheskuyu modernizatsiyu, masshtabnij okhvat innovatsionnimi protsessami, chelovecheskie resursi imeyut vse vozmozhnosti vistupat' v kachestve istochnika ustoj¬chivogo rosta kak otdel'no vzyatoj kompanii, tak i vsej natsional'noj ekonomiki.
  • Transformatsiya traditsionnoj kontseptsii upravleniya chelovecheskimi resursami v strategicheskuyu sopryazhena s protsessami integrirovaniya upravleniya chelovecheskimi resursami v dostizhenie strategicheskikh tselej kompanii, chto predstavlyaetsya vazhnim v tselyakh dostizheniya innovatsionnikh rezul'tatov deyatel'nosti

Galina Tuguskina Usloviya formirovaniya chelovecheskogo kapitala sel'skogo naseleniya (s.111–118)

sel'skoe khozyajstvo, chelovecheskij kapital, sel'skoe naselenie, kachestvo zhizni, sotsial'naya infrastruktura
Issleduetsya sostoyanie chelovecheskogo kapitala sel'skogo naseleniya i usloviya ego formirovaniya. Ustanovleno, chto nablyudaetsya tendentsiya snizheniya kachestva uslug, predostavlyaemikh sel'skim zhitelyam v oblasti obrazovaniya, zdravookhraneniya, obespechennosti rabochimi mestami i dr. V kachestve odnogo iz variantov resheniya dannoj problemi predlagaetsya razvitie sotsial'noj infrastrukturi sela.
  • Reshenie zadachi po obespecheniyu prodovol'stvennoj nezavisimosti Rossii nevozmozhno bez kvalifitsirovannikh kadrov.
  • Usloviya zhizni sel'skogo naseleniya ne mogut obespechit' razvitie chelovecheskogo kapitala v sootvetstvii s sovremennimi trebovaniyami.
  • Neobkhodimi adresnie investitsii v razvitie sotsial'noj infrastrukturi sela, v pervuyu ochered' v sferu obrazovaniya, yavlyayuschejsya osnovoj dlya formirovaniya i razvitiya chelovecheskogo kapitala.
UPRAVLENIE PERSONALOM

Sergej Slabov Rolevie problemi sovremennikh rossijskikh rabotnikov: vliyanie krizisa (s.119–127)

sotsial'naya rol', organizatsionnaya rol', organizatsiya, rolevoj nabor, rolevaya problema
Rassmatrivaetsya vliyanie sotsial'no - ekonomicheskogo krizisa sovremennogo rossijskogo obschestva na povedenie cheloveka v organizatsii. Dlya analiza osobennostej organizatsionnogo povedeniya ispol'zuetsya ponyatie roli, kotoroe primenyayut mnogie gumanitarnie nauki. Po mneniyu avtora, sotsial'no – ekonomicheskij krizis, brosayuschij mnogochislennie vizovi privichnomu ukladu organizatsionnoj zhizni, vnosit svoi korrektivi kak v nabor organizatsionnikh rolej, tak i v ikh soderzhanie.
  • Bol'shoj interes v nashe vremya vizivaet vozmozhnost' prikladnogo ispol'zovaniya ponyatiya roli upravlencheskoj praktikoj.
  • Sleduyuschaya rol', kotoroj chelovek mog obremenit' sebya, i ot kotoroj on bil vinuzhden otkazat'sya v poslednie godi (v rezul'tate sotsial'no – eko-nomicheskogo krizisa) – rol' visokokvalifitsirovannogo professional'nogo potrebitelya, imeyuschego opredelennij kreditnij portfel'.
  • Razlichnie sotsial'nie roli mogut stalkivat'sya drug s drugom, vstupat' v ostrie konflikti; nakhodit'sya v ob'ektivnom prodolzhitel'nom protivostoyanii.

Yurij Klochkov, Aleksandr Shadrin Rol' standartov menedzhmenta pri podgotovke spetsialistov (s.128–134)

obrazovanie, dvojstvennij kharakter ponyatiya «kachestvo», zainteresovannie storoni, standarti menedzhmenta, sertifikatsiya sistem
Pokazano, chto polucheniyu sootvetstvuyuschikh kompetentsij sposobstvuet izuchenie i poluchenie navikov ispol'zovaniya printsipov i metodov, reglamentirovannikh v sovremennikh standartakh menedzhmenta. Predlagaetsya izuchat' eti standarti pri podgotovke vsekh spetsialistov, a takzhe privlekat' veduschie vuzi strani k provedeniyu sertifikatsii sistem menedzhmenta.
  • Pervaya obyazatel'naya kompetentsiya, kotoruyu dolzhen poluchit' v vuze student – eto znaniya, umeniyami i naviki po obespecheniyu kachestva sootvetstvuyuschej produktsii (uslugi).
  • Vo vse vremena kachestvo yavlyalos', i prodolzhaet yavlyat'sya, sotsial'noj i ekonomicheskoj problemoj, voznikayuschej iz dvojstvennogo kharaktera ponyatiya «kachestvo».
  • Standarti menedzhmenta imeyut osoboe znachenie dlya rossijskikh organizatsij i, sootvetstvenno, dlya rossijskogo obrazovaniya, poskol'ku v nashej strane imenno sistemi menedzhmenta i pryamo zavisyaschie ot nikh effektivnost' i kachestvo, zachastuyu, yavlyayutsya samimi slabimi zven'yami.
TOChKA ZRENIYa

Andrej Sozin Massovij sport kak faktor obespecheniya sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti naseleniya munitsipal'nikh obrazovanij (s.135–142)

sotsial'no-ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost', munitsipal'noe obrazovanie, sport dlya vsekh, tsentr sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti naseleniya pri organe ispolnitel'noj vlasti munitsipal'nogo obrazovaniya
Pokazana rol' fizicheskoj kul'turi i sporta v obespechenii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti naseleniya munitsipal'nikh obrazovanij. Obosnovana neobkhodimost' stimulirovaniya razvitiya massovogo sporta v ramkakh klubnikh organizatsij – nizovikh (v ryade sluchaev – setevikh) struktur, maksimal'no dostupnikh naseleniyu kak territorial'no, tak i organizatsionno, i material'no. Raskrivayutsya preimuschestva klubnoj sistemi organizatsii massovogo sporta.
  • Zanyatiya sportom dlya vsekh vkhodyat v chislo klyuchevikh potrebnostej lichnoj i obschestvennoj zhizni lyudej.
  • Sport dlya vsekh yavlyaetsya odnim iz vazhnikh faktorov obespecheniya sotsial'no-ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti munitsipal'nikh obrazovaniya.
  • Klyuchevim sredstvom razvitiya sporta dlya vsekh v munitsipal'nikh obrazovaniyakh dolzhni stat' mekhanizmi, napravlennie na stimulirovanie sozdaniya sportivnikh klubov.
Contents
INTEGRATION PROCESSES

Vladimir Kondratyev The End of Globalization or a New Stage? (pp.6–17)

globalization, international trade, capital flows, transnational corporations
The author addresses the role of the British vote to leave the European Union (Brexit) as a key moment in the crisis of global economy which demands a fundamental re-examination of core contemporary values. The conclusion is drawn about the need to develop alternatives to the established globalization model benefitting only small groups of modern society.
INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

Vladimir Klimanov, Aliya Safina Foreign Countries’ Experience in Consolidating Expenditure Powers between State Government Levels (pp.18–31)

separation of powers, decentralization, expenditure powers, regional budget, countries of the world, state government levels
The authors have studied — on the basis of Government Finance Statistics of the International Monetary Fund — the experience of foreign countries in consolidating expenditure powers between state government levels of 20 countries. They have taken an inventory of main expenditure powers of these countries, analyzed the intergovernmental volume of expenses in functional areas. After summarizing the review they have formulated main conclusions on the system of delineating expenditure powers as mechanism for a flexible economic policy.
STATE GOVERNANCE

Nikolai Gontar Business and the State in Cross-Border Clustering Development (pp.32–39)

cluster, cluster policy, cross-border cluster, market process, state
In the article the role of business and the state in cross-border clustering as the most effective form of economic clustering is highlighted. The author analyzes positive and negative factors — stemming from natural, geographical and geo-economic conditions, business and the state in Russia — that impact on cross-border clustering vector formation. Key vectors to modernize the governmental cluster policy in this direction are defined.
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Alexander Shvetsov, Yulia Naumova Economic Space of the Arctic Region: Essence, Scope and Formation Specificity (pp.40–47)

economic space, Arctic zone, spatial development factors, globalization problems
The modern vision of problems of Russia’s Arctic economic space formation and development is presented. The pacing conditions and spatial regional development factors are identified. With global changes connected with the transition to a post-industrial, information society in view, main requirements are formulated to the formation of qualitatively new economic space of the region.

Ashot Khachaturyan, Dmitri Eliseev Public Administration Mechanisms for a Comprehensive Arctic Resource Potential Development (pp.48–54)

Arctic Program, result-oriented approach, transport system, natural resources usage, development indicators
As admitted, the existing state program of Arctic development is imperfect in its goals and targets set and also in the mechanisms of control and performance measurement. Possible options for program adjustment to increase its efficiency are offered.
INVESTMENTS AND INNOVATIONS

Alexander Buchnev Innovation and Investment in Renewable Energy Sector (pp.55–65)

renewable energy sources, innovative waves, transmission infrastructure, innovation and business activity promotion
The article generalizes specific features of innovation and investment activity in the renewable energy sector against the background of oil prices dynamics. It reviews the interrelation between cost indexes of renewable energy and the cost of gas generation. Prospects of the renewable energy sector are evaluated.

Svetlana Korol On Methodological Approaches to Innovative and Investment Projects Assessment and Selection (pp.66–72)

investment project, innovative project, project selection, semi-structured system, expert assessment, information support, network examination
The methodological approach to design a unified system of strategic planning is discussed, it is aimed to synchronize planning documents of all management levels. The author suggests to regard innovative projects as investment ones, which include three stages: choice of innovative project and investment project, creation of material production base for its implementation, and commercialization of products.
CORPORATE MANAGEMENT

Sergei Krasilnikov Problems of Correlating Holding Subsidiaries’ Growth and Their Financial Stability (pp.73–81)

holding, growth rate, capital intensity of growth, redundancy of assets, labour compensation, risk appetite
Issues are addressed which relate to planning and performance evaluation of subsidiary companies of a holding with the help of indicators, such as growth rate of revenue and profit (with different measurements), capital intensity of growth, efficiency of individual production factors, etc. Special attention is paid to problems linked with the efficiency of costs on labour, including remuneration of top management.
MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING

Ruslan Dolzhenko Geomarketing Modeling of a Banking Institution’s Self-Service Devices Localization in the City (pp.82–91)

bank, geomarketing, geomarketing modeling, self-service devices, ATMs, payment terminals
The article examines the possibility of using geomarketing as a tool to model the optimal spatial location of the network of self-service devices like cash dispensers and payment terminals. Methodological approaches are described how to implement geomarketing modeling of an optimal location of bank infrastructure objects. Recommendations are offered to evaluate the projected placement of ATMs and payment terminals.

Vladimir Kryuchkov The Nature of Fundamental Similarity of Scenario Management, Forecasting and Strategic Management (pp.92–96)

scenario management, strategic management, forecasting
The author presents his view on the nature of similarity of scenario management and its preceding tools —forecasting and strategic management, and investigates their methodological foundation. He discusses the main thesis about the similarity of these approaches based on the recognition of the future being unpredictable in principle.

Svetlana Bratchenko Scenario Management: Genesis and Prospects (pp.97–100)

scenario management, strategic management, risk management, strategy sensitivity, forecasting, volatility, environmental variation, adaptive approach
The paper is devoted to discuss the notion of scenario management and the regularities of its appearance in modern conditions. The author holds that the traditional paradigm of strategic management suggesting the design of a single strategy ceases to be effective in conditions of volatile environment. Designing several strategies simultaneously, i.e. scenario management, grows ever more indispensable.
HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

Marina Izmailova Evolution of the Strategic Role of Human Resources Management at Corporate Level (pp.101–110)

human resources, human capital, intellectual capital, strategic management
The article actualizes the problem of finding ways and available tools to solve problems determined by turbulence of environment. The author emphasizes that it is possible to solve the entire set of emerging problems by using human resources with an emphasis on their intellectual component. The structure of human resources is considered, a characteristic to human capital is given, its contribution to the country’s wealth creation and strategic success of companies is shown.

Galina Tuguskina Conditions for Rural Population’s Human Capital Formation (pp.111–118)

agriculture, human capital, rural population, quality of life, social infrastructure
The article examines the state of human capital of rural population and conditions for its formation. It states that a tendency is observed to reduce the quality of services provided to rural residents in the fields of education, health care, job security, etc. As one of the solutions to the problem the author proposes to develop the social infrastructure in the countryside.
PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Sergei Slabov Role Problems of Modern Russian Employees: Impact of the Crisis (pp.119–127)

social role, organizational role, organization, role set, role problem
The article addresses the impact of socioeconomic crisis endured by modern Russian society on human behaviour in the organization. To analyze specific features of organizational behaviour the notion of role is applied by many social sciences. According to the author, the socioeconomic crisis, accompanied by numerous challenges to the routine of organizational life, offers insights both into the set of organizational roles and their content.

Yuri Klochkov, Alexander Shadrin The Role of Management Standards in Training Specialists (pp.128–134)

education, dual nature of quality notion, stakeholders, management standards, certification of systems
The article shows that respective competency building is promoted by studying and mastering skills in the course of applying principles and methods regulated by modern management standards. The authors proposes to examine these standards in the course of training of all specialists and also engage the country’s leading universities in certifying management systems.
VIEWPOINT

Andrei Sozin Grassroots Sports as Factor Contributing to Socioeconomic Security of Population on Municipal Entity Level (pp.135–142)

socioeconomic security, municipal entity, grassroots sports, center for population’s socioeconomic security under executive body of municipal entity
The role of physical culture and sports in socioeconomic security of population on municipal entity level is shown. The need is substantiated to stimulate grassroots sports development in club forms, i.e. local (in some cases, network) structures, which, in terms of location, organization, and financially, are maximally available to the population. The advantages of club system in grassroots sports are unveiled.