Cover Международный НИИ проблем управления Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ. Спецвыпуск 'Роль банков в выходе из кризиса и оживлении экономики России'
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Проблемы теории и практики управления. Спецвыпуск "Роль банков в выходе из кризиса и оживлении экономики России" №08/2016
Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ. Спецвыпуск "Роль банков в выходе из кризиса и оживлении экономики России"

URSS. 144 pp. (Russian). ISBN 9770234450087.
  • Paperback
Soderzhanie
DISKUSSIONNIJ KLUB

Aleksandr Buzgalin, Andrej Kolganov Natsional'noe planirovanie: protivorechiya vozrozhdeniya (s.8–20)

natsional'noe planirovanie, pozdnij kapitalizm, prognozirovanie, gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie, rossijskaya ekonomika
Pokazivaetsya neobkhodimost' i vozmozhnost' vozrozhdeniya obschenatsional'nogo selektivnogo planirovaniya kak odnogo iz vazhnikh mekhanizmov vikhoda iz krizisa i perekhoda k sotsial'no-orientirovannomu razvitiyu v sovremennoj ekonomike Rossii. Avtori raskrivayut osnovnie soderzhanie, formi i metodi takogo planirovaniya, a takzhe problemi i puti formirovaniya tselej i sub'ekta planirovaniya, chto predpolagaet reshenie problemi «provalov gosudarstva». Bol'shoe vnimanie udelyaetsya konkretnim rekomendatsiyam po resheniyu etikh problem.
  • Dlya preodoleniya krizisa rossijskoj ekonomiki neobkhodimo razvitie selektivnogo obschenatsional'nogo planirovaniya kak odnogo iz mekhanizmov realizatsii strategii operezhayuschego razvitiya.
  • Selektivnoe planirovanie integriruet v ramkakh sistemi gosudarstvennikh zadanij takie osnovnie bloki, kak: derevo tselej srednesrochnogo razvitiya; prognozi i forsajti; sredstva realizatsii tselej, vklyuchaya normi selektivnogo (nalogovogo, kreditnogo i t. p.) regulirovaniya, plani gosudarstvennikh investitsij i zakupok, planovie zadaniya ryadu gosudarstvennikh predpriyatij; resursi realizatsii plana.
  • «Viraschivanie» sub'ekta planirovaniya, integriruyuschego instituti grazhdanskogo obschestva, ekspertnoe soobschestvo i professional'nie organi (vo glave s Gosplanom) yavlyaetsya odnoj iz samikh trudnikh zadach, realizatsiya kotoroj predpolagaet preodolenie osnovnikh «provalov gosudarstva».
EKONOMIChESKAYa POLITIKA: STRATEGIYa I TAKTIKA

Leonid Vardomskij O povorote rossijskoj ekonomiki na Vostok (s.21–29)

EAES, ShOS, Shelkovij put', transportno-logisticheskaya sistema, strategiya razvitiya, peretok znanij
Pokazano, chto dlya preodoleniya dvojnogo evropotsentrizma Rossii usilij po razvitiyu Dal'nevostochnogo regiona nedostatochno. Sleduet ispol'zovat' potentsial vsej Sibiri dlya sotrudnichestva v ramkakh EAES, ShOS, Ekonomicheskogo poyasa Shelkovogo puti po sozdaniyu evrazijskoj transportno-logisticheskoj sistemi. Neobkhodima dolgosrochnaya strategiya razvitiya rossijskogo prostranstva, kotoraya bi opredelila naimenee zatratnie puti drejfa rossijskoj ekonomiki v Aziyu, sochetaya ikh s operezhayuschim rostom produktsii visokoj stepeni obrabotki v eksporte.
  • V silu tekhnologicheskogo otstavaniya i transformatsionnogo uproscheniya promishlennosti Rossiya ne v sostoyanii shiroko ispol'zovat' potentsial svoego blagopriyatnogo polozheniya otnositel'no krupnejshikh mirovikh rinkov sbita.
  • Neopredelennost' razvitiya po evropejskomu vektoru aktivizirovala politiku Rossii na vostochnom napravlenii.
  • V nastoyaschee vremya v Rossii formiruetsya trend plavnikh izmenenij v geografii vneshneekonomicheskikh svyazej v pol'zu aziatskikh stran, kotorij, po mere preodoleniya demograficheskikh, infrastrukturnikh i investitsionnikh ogranichenij, budet soprovozhdat'sya sdvigom ekonomiki v aziatskuyu chast' strani
MEZhDUNARODNIJ OPIT

Irina Timonina Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo v Yaponii: strategicheskij podkhod (s.30–42)

gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo (GChP), chastnaya finansovaya initsiativa, infrastruktura, strategiya ustojchivogo rosta, sotsial'naya otvetstvennost', «Industriya 4.0», Yaponiya
Raskrivayutsya institutsional'nie osobennosti gosudarstvenno-chastnogo partnerstva (GChP) i praktika ego primeneniya v Yaponii. Na primere Yaponii analiziruyutsya napravleniya GChP i vozmozhnosti adaptatsii ego traditsionnikh mekhanizmov k usloviyam nestabil'nosti, nizkikh tempov ekonomicheskogo rosta, narastayuschego gosudarstvennogo dolga, stareniya naseleniya. Pokazivayutsya perspektivnie oblasti GChP v epokhu perekhoda k chetvertoj promishlennoj revolyutsii, a takzhe vozmozhnosti razvitiya rinka finansirovaniya infrastrukturnikh proektov.
  • GChP v sovremennikh sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh sistemakh stanovitsya bolee mnogoobraznim po tselyam, funktsiyam, formam, sferam.
  • GChP mozhet stat' odnim iz dejstvennikh mekhanizmov aktivizatsii investi-tsionnogo protsessa, dostizheniya stabil'nogo ekonomicheskogo rosta, povisheniya konkurentosposobnosti natsional'noj ekonomiki v usloviyakh perekhoda k chetvertoj promishlennoj revolyutsii.
  • Razvitie GChP sposobstvuet garmonizatsii interesov gosudarstva, biznesa i obschestva.
UPRAVLENIE SOTsIAL'NIM RAZVITIEM

Yuliya Shitova, Yurij Shitov Reforma pensionnoj sistemi RF: itogi desyatiletiya (s.43–53)

pensionnaya sistema, pensionnie aktivi, upravlyayuschie kompanii, dokhodnost', inflyatsiya, investitsii
Podvodyatsya itogi dekadi reformirovaniya pensionnoj sistemi RF v 2004–2014 gg. Proanalizirovani finansovie pokazateli deyatel'nosti upravlyayuschikh kompanij (UK) v otnoshenii nakopitel'nikh pensionnikh aktivov. Proveden sravnitel'nij analiz dokhodnosti UK i drugikh finansovikh instrumentov.
  • Ot SSSR Rossiya unasledovala raspredelitel'nuyu sistemu pensionnogo obespecheniya, v kotoroj viplata tekuschikh pensij osuschestvlyaetsya za schet nalogovikh otchislenij na dokhodi zanyatikh v ekonomike.
  • Burnij rost, svyazannij s blagopriyatnoj kratkosrochnoj ekonomicheskoj kon'yunkturoj, smenilsya katastroficheskim padeniem v rezul'tate krizisa 2008 goda, kogda pensionnie aktivi poteryali prakticheski tret' svoej stoimosti.
  • Viyavlennij sistemnij krizis pensionnoj sistemi trebuet srochnikh dejstvij gosudarstva, pri etom vse vozmozhnie meri viglyadyat nepopulyarnimi v politicheskom plane, odnako bezdejstvie chrevato esche bol'shimi politicheskimi i ekonomicheskimi potryaseniyami dlya strani.

Leonid Grinin, Andrej Korotaev, Anton Grinin Global'noe starenie naseleniya, shestoj kondrat'evskij tsikl i kiberneticheskaya revolyutsiya (s.54–59)

shestaya kondrat'evskaya volna, shestoj tekhnologicheskij uklad, kiberneticheskaya revolyutsiya, starenie naseleniya, meditsina, biotekhnologii, nanotekhnologii, robototekhnika, additivnie tekhnologii
Daetsya analiz protsessa global'nogo stareniya naseleniya, pokazivayutsya ego vazhnie sledstviya dlya obschestva i mira v tselom. Na osnovanii etogo analiza delaetsya vivod o tom, chto gryaduschij tekhnologicheskij perevorot (oboznachaemij avtorami kak zavershayuschaya faza kiberneticheskoj revolyutsii) i predpolagaemij shestoj tekhnologicheskij uklad, vizvannij nastupayuschej shestoj kondrat'evskoj volnoj, budut svyazani v pervuyu ochered' s prorivami v meditsine i smezhnikh s nej tekhnologiyakh.
  • V rajone 2030–2040-kh gg. ozhidaetsya nachalo zavershayuschej fazi kiberneticheskoj revolyutsii (nachal'naya faza — 1950–1990-e), kotoraya nachnetsya prorivom v oblasti novikh meditsinskikh i smezhnikh s nimi tekhnologij. Dannaya faza nalozhitsya na shestuyu kondrat'evskuyu volnu (kotoraya datiruetsya 2020–2060-mi gg.).
  • Oni sformiruyut slozhnuyu sistemu samoreguliruemogo proizvodstva, veduschimi napravleniyami kotoroj stanut meditsina, additivnie, nano- i biotekhnologii, robototekhnika, informatsionnie i kognitivnie tekhnologii (MANBRIK-tekhnologii).
  • Global'noe starenie naseleniya, s odnoj storoni, budet usileno gryaduschimi uspekhami meditsini i inikh novejshikh tekhnologij, ispol'zuemikh dlya uluchsheniya kachestva zhizni, a s drugoj storoni, imenno protsess stareniya naseleniya sozdaet unikal'nie vozmozhnosti dlya proriva v oblasti meditsini i smezhnikh s nej tekhnologij.

Vyacheslav Krut'ko, Tat'yana Smirnova Mediko-demograficheskie problemi Rossii: sistemnij analiz putej resheniya (s.60–71)

Rossiya, smertnost', depopulyatsiya, zdorovij obraz zhizni, antistarenie
Provoditsya sistemnij mezhdistsiplinarnij analiz sovremennikh mediko-demograficheskikh problem Rossii. Na osnovanii analiza delaetsya vivod o suschestvovanie takikh ser'eznikh mediko-demograficheskikh problemakh Rossii, kak depopulyatsiya, visokaya smertnost', nizkaya prodolzhitel'nost' zhizni i, sootvetstvenno, nizkie kachestvo zhizni naseleniya i trudovoj potentsial strani. Dokazivaetsya, chto naibolee effektivnim putem resheniya etikh problem yavlyaetsya put' radikal'nogo uvelicheniya prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni naseleniya Rossii (na 20-30 let) s pomosch'yu sovremennikh tekhnologij antistareniya.
  • Slozhivshayasya v Rossii mediko-demograficheskaya situatsiya yavlyaetsya odnim iz glavnikh prepyatstvij effektivnomu sotsial'no-ekonomicheskomu razvitiyu strani v nastoyaschem i buduschem.
  • Vozmozhnosti ispravleniya polozheniya za schet gosudarstvennikh mer po stimulirovaniyu rozhdaemosti i migratsionnogo pritoka ves'ma ogranicheni.
  • Naibolee effektivnim putem resheniya mediko-demograficheskikh problem Rossii yavlyaetsya radikal'noe uvelichenie prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni naseleniya s pomosch'yu sovremennikh tekhnologij antistareniya.
UPRAVLENIE ZNANIYaMI

Daniel Petrosyants, Anastasiya Svettsova Ispol'zovanie vozmozhnostej seti internet dlya povisheniya konkurentosposobnosti rossijskikh vuzov (s.72–84)

visshaya shkola, sajti universitetov, sotsial'nie media, informatsionno-kommunikatsionnaya sreda, naukometriya, obrazovanie, rejtingovanie, ekspertnie otsenki
Rassmatrivayutsya problemi populyarnosti universitetskogo sajta v seti Internet, a takzhe vozmozhnosti sotsial'nikh media-resursov rabotat' na brend vuza i povishenie ego konkurentosposobnosti. V kachestve analiticheskogo instrumenta dlya izucheniya sajta i uchastiya universitetov v sotsial'nikh media rassmatrivaetsya servis Ahrefs.com.
  • Teoriya bol'shogo vzriva svidetel'stvuet o neobkhodimosti v sovremennom global'nom mire kak mozhno otvetstvennee otnositsya k kazhdoj predostavlyayuschejsya vozmozhnosti zayavit' ob universitete maksimal'no shirokoj auditorii.
  • Vozmozhnost' dostupa k informatsionnim istochnikam seti Internet neskol'ko niveliruet vozmozhnosti prepodavatelej i studentov v chasti izucheniya informatsionnikh potokov, chto pridaet novij impul's v otnosheniyakh «prepodavatel' — student», kogda eti otnosheniya priobretayut skoree status kolleg i v men'shej stepeni nastavnik (mentor) — uchenik.
  • Predlagaemie v stat'e indeksi i koeffitsienti otsenki deyatel'nosti rossijskikh vuzov po optimizatsii ikh sajtov i effektivnoj rabote v sotsial'nikh i professional'nikh (akademicheskikh) media mogut posluzhit' prototipom sootvetstvuyuschego sinteticheskogo rejtinga.
INVESTITsII I INNOVATsII

Andrej Polbin O dinamicheskoj vzaimosvyazi VVP RF i neftyanikh tsen v VAR-modeli (s.85–90)

tseni na neft', VVP, investitsii, VAR-modeli
Na osnove otsenki modeli vektornoj avtoregressii privedeni empiricheskie svidetel'stva v pol'zu togo, chto shoki tsen na neft' porozhdali kupoloobraznij otklik v dinamike urovnya VVP i investitsij. V rezul'tate vliyanie uvelicheniya neftyanikh tsen na tempi prirosta ekonomiki RF bilo polozhitel'nim v kratkosrochnom periode i otritsatel'nim v srednesrochnom periode.
  • Na osnove metodologii vektornoj avtoregressii polucheni otsenki funktsij impul'snogo otklika VVP i investitsij RF na shok neftyanikh tsen.
  • Privedeni empiricheskie svidetel'stva v pol'zu togo, chto shoki tsen na neft' porozhdali kupoloobraznij otklik v dinamike urovnya VVP i investitsij: vliyanie uvelicheniya neftyanikh tsen na tempi prirosta ekonomiki RF bilo polozhitel'nim v kratkosrochnom periode i otritsatel'nim v srednesrochnom periode.
  • Effekt ot permanentnogo 10-protsentnogo uvelicheniya neftyanikh tsen sostavlyal primerno 1,2 % prirosta VVP cherez god posle realizatsii shoka.
MENEDZhMENT I MARKETING

Boris Gerasimov Funktsii upravleniya: sostav, soderzhanie, parametri (s.91–100)

funktsiya upravleniya, protsess, podprotsess, upravlencheskij tsikl, parametri vkhoda i vikhoda funktsii upravleniya
Raskrivayutsya naznachenie, rol' i mesto funktsij upravleniya v lyuboj tselenapravlennoj deyatel'nosti. Opisano soderzhanie kazhdoj funktsii v ramkakh upravlencheskogo tsikla na urovne parametrov vkhoda, vikhoda i preobrazovaniya vkhoda v vikhod. Pokazana neobkhodimost' i dostatochnost' suschestvovaniya vsekh funktsij upravleniya v ramkakh upravlencheskogo tsikla lyubogo protsessa, podprotsessa ili ikh chasti. Po mneniyu avtora, polnota realizatsii vsekh funktsij upravleniya obespechivaet upravlyaemost' lyubogo protsessa v ekonomicheskikh sistemakh lyubogo urovnya.
  • Nazrela neobkhodimost' opredeleniya sostava, soderzhaniya vsekh funktsij upravleniya i formiruyuschikh neobkhodimij i dostatochno zamknutij upravlencheskij tsikl, proyavlyayuschijsya v lyubom vide deyatel'nosti.
  • Nauchnaya literatura i empiricheskie issledovaniya pozvolili vibrat' devyat' funktsij upravleniya, dokazat' ikh vzaimodejstvie i vzaimozavisimost' v upravlencheskom tsikle lyubikh protsessov.
  • Ispol'zovanie vsekh funktsij upravleniya pozvolit povisit' kachestvo i effektivnost' proektiruemikh, ekspluatiruemikh i issleduemikh protsessov, yavlenij, sobitij v ekonomicheskikh sistemakh lyubogo urovnya.

Marina Anokhina Sistema upravleniya ekonomicheskim rostom otraslevogo kompleksa (s.101–116)

ekonomicheskij rost, otraslevoj kompleks, kontseptsiya ekonomicheskogo rosta otraslevogo kompleksa, sistema upravleniya ekonomicheskim rostom otraslevogo kompleksa
Predlozhena kontseptsiya ekonomicheskogo rosta otraslevogo kompleksa. Pokazano znachenie upravlencheskogo resursa v obespechenii ekonomicheskogo rosta. Opredeleno soderzhanie sistemi upravleniya ekonomicheskim rostom otraslevogo kompleksa.
  • Ekonomicheskij rost otraslevikh kompleksov opredelyaet dinamiku natsional'noj khozyajstvennoj sistemi.
  • Nelinejnost' i tsiklichnost' ekonomicheskikh protsessov, mnogoobrazie faktorov i uslovij ekonomicheskoj dinamiki predpolagaet upravlencheskoe vozdejstvie.
  • Sistema upravleniya ekonomicheskim rostom otraslevogo kompleksa dolzhna obespechivat' na vikhode neobkhodimij uroven' kolichestvennoj, kachestvennoj i vosproizvodstvennoj dinamiki v ego sostoyanii.

Georgij Bikovskij Formirovanie sistemi «prodavets—klient» v internet-torgovle (s.117–122)

organizatsionnie innovatsii, internet-marketing
Rassmatrivayutsya organizatsionnie innovatsii, vikhodyaschie za predeli sobstvenno firmi i okhvativayuschie ee otnosheniya s klientami. Pokazano, chto formirovanie novikh tipov vzaimootnoshenij mezhdu potrebitelem i proizvoditelem neizbezhno iz-za rosta konkurentsii i bor'bi za loyal'nost' pokupatelej. Dan avtorskij prognoz dal'nejshej evolyutsii svyazki «prodavets—klient» v klyuche integratsii potrebitelej v kompaniyu.
  • Edinozhdi zavoevav vnimanie potrebitelya, postavschik stanovitsya monopolistom v otnosheniyakh s nim.
  • Massovoe standartizirovannoe proizvodstvo segodnya priobretaet cherti proizvodstva na zakaz.
  • Vmesto otdel'nikh prodavtsov i pokupatelej s chetko protivopostavlennimi interesami v nastoyaschee vremya formiruetsya sistema «prodavets—klient», v ramkakh kotoroj interesi storon chastichno soglasuyutsya.
TOChKA ZRENIYa

Aleksandr Ajvazov, Vladimir Belikov Rossijskie neoliberali protiv N. Kondrat'eva (s.123–128)

global'nij krizis, tekhnologicheskie ukladi, povishatel'nie i ponizhatel'nie volni Kondrat'eva, sistemnie tsikli nakopleniya kapitala Dzh. Arrigi
Soglasno rassuzhdeniyam avtorov, ser'eznie izmeneniya, proiskhodyaschie v sovremennom mire, prekrasno vpisivayutsya v volnoobraznoe razvitie, baziruyuscheesya na teorii dlinnikh ekonomicheskikh voln N. D. Kondrat'eva. Eta kontseptsiya, dopolnennaya ideyami S. Glaz'eva, M. Khirooka, K. Peresa, Dzh. Arrigi i drugikh issledovatelej, pozvolyaet osoznanno prognozirovat' naibolee veroyatnoe razvitie mirovoj ekonomiki i prisposobit' politicheskie resheniya (dejstviya) dlya naibolee bezboleznennogo perekhoda ekonomiki RF k novim zarozhdayuschimsya formam i institutam. Novie yavleniya v mire ne mogut bit' adekvatno opisani na osnove ustarevshej modeli neoliberal'nogo mishleniya i trebuyut novogo podkhoda.
  • Novie tekhnologii pridayut impul's vozrozhdeniyu rosta mirovoj ekonomiki, no uzhe na vnov' sformirovavshejsya novoj tekhnologicheskoj osnove.
  • Novij mnogopolyarnij mir neizbezhno virabotaet svoyu sobstvennuyu finansovuyu sistemu, osnovannuyu na korzine osnovnikh valyut regional'nikh tsentrov sili.
  • Priverzhennost' ideologii «Vashingtonskogo konsensusa» neizbezhno privedet k povtoreniyu oshibok pravitel'stv G. Guvera i R. Niksona; avtori zhe polagayut, chto sleduet uchit'sya na chuzhikh oshibkakh, a ne povtoryat' ikh.

Ani Avetisyan, Irina Petrosyan Osnovnie prichini vozniknoveniya ekonomicheskikh krizisov (s.129–134)

ekonomicheskie tsikli, ekonomicheskij krizis, makroekonomicheskoe regulirovanie, finansovie rinki
Raskrivayutsya otlichitel'nie kharakteristiki global'nogo finansovogo krizisa 2007–2009 gg. Videlyayutsya obschie cherti, prisuschie vsem nablyudaemim v XX–XXI vekakh krizisam. Privodyatsya dovodi v pol'zu gipotezi ob otsutstvii tsiklicheskikh kolebanij.
  • Global'nij finansovo-ekonomicheskij krizis 2007–2009 godov stal svidetel'stvom togo, chto kolebaniya ekonomicheskoj aktivnosti i ekonomicheskie krizisi — krajne mnogogrannoe i trudno poddayuscheesya upravleniyu yavlenie.
  • Global'nij finansovo-ekonomicheskij ne nosil tsiklicheskogo kharaktera i yavilsya krizisom institutov ekonomicheskogo regulirovaniya.
  • Ekonomicheskie krizisi trebuyut nemedlennikh i vsestoronnikh otvetnikh mer so storoni gosudarstva, predpolagayuschikh kardinal'nie izmeneniya v finansovom sektore, fiskal'noj i monetarnoj politike, a takzhe porozhdayut neobkhodimost' global'noj koordinatsii provodimikh na natsional'nom urovne antikrizisnikh mer.

Fedor Udalov, Ol'ga Alekhina, Andrej Zadumin Tsentralizatsiya upravleniya ekonomikoj — est' li ej al'ternativa? (s.135–141)

tsentralizovannaya sistema upravleniya, «upravlencheskaya vertikal'», makro-, mezo- i mikrourovni, kadri upravleniya, «resursnoe proklyatie», «upravlencheskij chetirekhzvennik», «tsena vremeni», «tsena oshibki», «tochka nevozvrata»
Issleduetsya neobkhodimost' usileniya tsentralizovannikh richagov upravleniya. Utverzhdaetsya, chto rinok ne mozhet bit' upravlencheskoj strukturoj vvidu otsutstviya elementov personifikatsii. Podcherkivaetsya, chto osnovoj ekonomicheskogo kompleksa Rossii dolzhni stat' krupnie visokotekhnologichnie promishlennie predpriyatiya mashinostroeniya, a maloe predprinimatel'stvo mozhet igrat' znachimuyu dlya rosta ekonomicheskogo potentsiala rol' lish' v aspekte ego vzaimodejstviya s krupnimi promishlennimi kompleksami.
  • Neobkhodimi moschnie gosudarstvennie richagi upravleniya vosstanovleniem mnogootraslevoj strukturi ekonomiki, vklyuchayuschej vse bez isklyucheniya.
  • Pri vsem razlichii podkhodov k resheniyu ekonomicheskikh problem glavnim ostaetsya odno – podnyat' effektivnost' funktsionirovaniya ekonomiki putem realizatsii reshenij obschegosudarstvennogo masshtaba.
  • Dlya upravleniya visokotekhnologichnimi otraslyami mashinostroitel'nogo profilya s visokim urovnem dinamizma tempov NTP neobkhodima tsentralizovannaya trekhurovnevaya upravlencheskaya vertikal'.
Contents
DEBATE CLUB

Alexander Buzgalin, Andrei Kolganov National Planning: Contradictions of the Revival (pp.8–20)

national planning, late capitalism, forecasting, government regulation, Russian economy
The authors point to the need for and possibility of the revival of nationwide selective planning as one of the important mechanisms of coping with the crisis and transition to a socially oriented development in modern Russian economy. They reveal the main content, forms and methods of such planning, as well as problems and ways of forming planning goals and its subject, which implies solving the problem of government failures. Great emphasis is placed on specific recommendations for addressing these problems.
ECONOMIC POLICY: STRATEGY AND TACTICS

Leonid Vardomsky On the Pivot of Russian Economy to the East (pp.21–29)

EEU, SCO, Silk Road, transportation and logistics system, development strategy, knowledge spillover
The paper shows that efforts centered on developing the Far Eastern region are insufficient to overcome Russia’s double Eurocentrism. For this purpose, the entire Siberian potential should be used to foster cooperation in the framework of EEU, SCO, and the Silk Road Economic Belt aimed at setting up a Eurasian transportation and logistics system. A long-term strategy of Russian space development is needed, which would imply the least costly trends in Russian economy’s pivot to Asia, and combine them with higher-than-anticipated growth of advanced goods share in exports.
INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

Irina Timonina Public-Private Partnership in Japan: Strategic Approach (pp.30–42)

public-private partnership (PPP), private financial initiative, infrastructure, sustainable growth strategy, social responsibility, Industry 4.0, Japan
Institutional features of public-private partnership (PPP) and its practical application in Japan are featured. The case of Japan examines PPP trends and chances of adapting its traditional mechanisms to instability conditions, low economic growth rates, increasing public debt, ageing of the population. Promising areas for PPP in the period of transition to the fourth industrial revolution, and prospects of expanding the market of infrastructure projects financing are unveiled.
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT

Julia Shitova, Yuriy Shitov RF Pension System Reform: Results of a Decade (pp.43–53)

pension system, pension assets, management companies, profitability, inflation, investments
The results of reforming the pension system of Russia over the decade (2004 to 2014) are summarized. Financial indicators illustrating management companies’ (MCs’) activities in the area of funded pension assets are analyzed. A comparative analysis is made of the profitability of MCs and other financial instruments.

Leonid Grinin, Andrey Korotaev, Anton Grinin Global Population Aging, Sixth Kondratieff Cycle and Cybernetic Revolution (pp.54–59)

sixth Kondratieff wave, sixth technological mode, cybernetic revolution, aging of the population, medicine, biotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, additive technologies
The article analyzes the process of global ageing of the population and demonstrates its important implications for society and the world at large. On the basis of this analysis the conclusion is drawn that the coming technological revolution (denoted by the authors as the final phase of cybernetic revolution), and the supposed sixth technological mode caused by the coming sixth Kondratieff wave, will be associated primarily with breakthroughs in medicine and related technologies.

Vyacheslav Krutko, Tatyana Smirnova Medical and Demographic Problems in Russia: Systemic Analysis of Tentative Solutions (pp.60–71)

Russia, mortality, depopulation, healthy lifestyle, anti-aging
A systemic interdisciplinary analysis of modern medical and demographic problems in Russia is made. On its basis the conclusion is drawn about the existence of major medical and demographic problems in Russia - like depopulation, high mortality, low life expectancy and, consequently, low quality of life of the population and the country’s low labor potential. It is proved that the most effective solution of these problems lies in a radical increase in life expectancy of Russia’s population (by 20 to 30 years) with the help of modern anti-aging technologies.
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

Daniel Petrosyants, Anastasia Svetsova Using Options for Internet Connectivity to Raise Russian Universities’ Competitiveness (pp.72–84)

high school, university websites, social media, information and communication environment, scientometrics, education, rating, expert evaluations
The authors address issues related to the popularity of university Internet website, and capacities of social media resources in enhancing the university brand and increasing its competitiveness. Ahrefs.com is chosen as an analytical tool for the study of the website and participation of universities in the social media services.
INVESTMENTS AND INNOVATIONS

Andrey Polbin On the Dynamic Relationship between GDP of the RF and Oil Prices in VAR Models (pp.85–90)

oil prices, GDP, investment, VAR models
The paper estimates the impact of oil price changes on the Russian GDP and investments using the vector autoregression model. Empirical results speak in favour of the fact that a permanent oil price increase led to a short-run economic boom followed by a negative contribution to mid-term economic growth.
MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING

Boris Gerasimov Management Functions: Composition, Content, Parameters (pp.91–100)

management function, process, sub-process, management cycle, parameters of input and output of management function
The purpose, role and place of management functions in any targeted activity are addressed. The content of every function within a management cycle at the level of parameters of input, output and transformation from input into output is described. The need for and adequacy of all management functions within a management cycle of any process, sub-process, or their part are shown. According to the author an integral implementation of all management functions ensures the manageability of any process in economic systems of any level.

Marina Anokhina Sectoral Complex: Economic Growth Management System (pp.101–116)

economic growth, sectoral complex, concept of economic growth of a sectoral complex, economic growth management system of a sectoral complex
A concept of economic growth for a sectoral complex is proposed. The importance of managerial resource in ensuring economic growth is shown. The content of economic growth management system for a sectoral complex is defined.

Georgy Bykovsky Seller-Client System Formation in Internet Marketing (pp.117–122)

organizational innovations, internet marketing
Organizational innovations which go beyond the company as such and embark its relationships with its clients are addressed. It is shown that new types of relationships between consumer and producer inevitably emerge due to tougher competition and struggle for customers’ loyalty. The author forecasts further evolution of the seller-client linkage by integrating consumers into the company.
VIEWPOINT

Alexander Ayvazov, Vladimir Belikov The Russian Neoliberals against N. Kondratieff (pp.123–128)

global crisis, technological modes, upward and downward Kondratieff waves, G.Arrighi’s systemic cycles of capital accumulation
Serious changes taking place in the modern world can be easily congruent with the wave-like development based on the theory of long economic waves introduced by N.D. Kondratieff, the authors argue. This concept enriched by the ideas of S. Glaziev, M. Hirook, K. Peres, G. Arrighi and other researchers allows to knowingly forecast the most probable development of world economy, and adapt policy decisions (actions) to achieve the smoothest transition of the Russian Federation’ economy to new and emerging forms and institutions. New developments in the world cannot be adequately described on the basis of an outdated model of neoliberal thinking, they require a new approach.

Ani Avetisyan, Irina Petrosyan The Main Causes of Economic Crises Genesis (pp.129–134)

economic cycles, economic crisis, macroeconomic regulation, financial markets
The typical features of the global 2007–2009 financial crisis are unveiled. Common features characteristic for all crises in the 20th–21st centuries are detached. Arguments are listed in favour of the hypothesis about the absence of cyclical fluctuations.

Fedor Udalov, Olga Alekhina, Andrei Zadumin Centralization of Economic Management — Does an Alternative Exist? (pp.135–141)

centralized management system, vertical management, macro-, meso- and micro-levels, management personnel, resource curse, management four-link chain, price of time, cost of error, point of no return
The need for strengthening centralized management levers is researched. The authors state that the market cannot be a management tool because of non-existing personification elements. They stress that major high-tech enterprises of mechanical engineering should turn into the fundament of Russia’s economic complex, whereas small businesses can play a meaningful role in economic potential growth only through its interaction with big industrial complexes.