Cover Международный НИИ проблем управления Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ: Оценка дифференциации регионов России. Рейтинг университетов: оптимальный выбор критериев. Методология оценки эффективности кластера. Концепция «бережливое производство»
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Проблемы теории и практики УПРАВЛЕНИЯ:
Оценка дифференциации регионов России. Рейтинг университетов: оптимальный выбор критериев. Методология оценки эффективности кластера. Концепция «бережливое производство» №12/2015

URSS. 144 pp. (Russian). ISBN 9770234450124.
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Soderzhanie
EKONOMIChESKAYa POLITIKA: STRATEGIYa I TAKTIKA

Aleksej Bojko Strukturnie probeli v sisteme gosudarstvennogo strategicheskogo planirovaniya (s.8–15)

gosudarstvennoe strategicheskoe planirovanie, rinochnij mekhanizm, sistema gosudarstvennogo planirovaniya, planovo-koordinatsionnij tsentr, organizatsionnaya struktura
Pokazana neobkhodimost' provedeniya kontseptual'noj, a zatem i pravovoj dorabotki voprosov organizatsionnoj strukturi sistemi planirovaniya v tselom i na ee osnove — konkretizatsii funktsional'nikh mekhanizmov. Predlozhena kontseptual'naya skhema organizatsii strategicheskogo planirovaniya v RF.
  • Rinochnie mekhanizmi makroregulirovaniya ekonomiki v usloviyakh globalizovannogo mira yavno ischerpivayut sebya i ne mogut bolee obespechivat' ustojchivoe i sbalansirovannoe razvitie stran, osobenno s razvivayuschejsya ekonomikoj.
  • Glavnij probel zakona o strategicheskom planirovanii — otsutstvie interpretatsii edinoj sistemi planirovaniya i ee osnovi — organizatsionnoj strukturi, chto trebuet dal'nejshej kontseptual'noj prorabotki voprosa.

Vasilij Okorokov, Roman Okorokov Formirovanie novogo tekhnologicheskogo uklada kak klyuchevoj mekhanizm effektivnosti rossijskoj ekonomiki (s.16–22)

tekhnologicheskij uklad, ekonomicheskie sistemi, resursi, faktori proizvodstva, intellektual'nij kapital, intellektual'nie rezul'tati
Predstavlena avtorskaya klassifikatsiya parametrov klassicheskikh tipov ekonomicheskikh sistem i ikh tekhnologicheskikh ukladov na protyazhenii dlitel'noj istorii razvitiya chelovecheskogo soobschestva. Obosnovana neobkhodimost' novoj sistemnoj industrializatsii i formirovaniya tekhnologicheskogo uklada informatsionnoj ekonomiki.
  • Na protyazhenii izvestnoj istorii razvitiya chelovechestva menyalis' ne tol'ko istochniki poluchaemikh chelovekom ekonomicheskikh resursov, no suschestvenno razlichalis' ikh ob'emi, vidi i potentsiali.
  • Dominiruyuschimi faktorami v industrial'noj ekonomike yavlyayutsya prostoj trud i kapital, a v informatsionnoj ekonomike — intellektual'nij trud i kapital, informatsiya, znaniya i intellektual'nie tekhnologii.
  • Dlya togo, chtobi Rossii vojti na ravnikh v chislo stran po sovremennomu tekhnologicheskomu urovnyu, neobkhodimo srochno provodit' novuyu sistemnuyu industrializatsiyu i intensivno formirovat' novij tekhnologicheskij uklad informatsionnoj ekonomiki, sposobnij obespechit' v buduschem effektivnoe razvitie natsional'noj ekonomicheskoj sistemi.
MEZhDUNARODNIJ OPIT

Ulugbek Ziyadullaev Obespechenie ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Respubliki Uzbekistan v usloviyakh mezhdunarodnoj integratsii (s.23–29)

ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost', Respublika Uzbekistan, mezhdunarodnie finansovie instituti, zaschita natsional'nikh interesov, ekonomika razvivayuschikhsya stran, finansovaya pomosch'
Raskrivayutsya metodi i mekhanizmi obespecheniya ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Respubliki Uzbekistan pri privlechenii i ispol'zovanii sredstv mezhdunarodnikh finansovikh organizatsij. Akkumulirovani naibolee znachimie instrumenti povisheniya effektivnosti i privlekatel'nosti vneshnikh zaimstvovanij dlya obespecheniya natsional'noj bezopasnosti strani.
  • U Respubliki Uzbekistan, pozhaluj, v gorazdo bol'shej stepeni, chem u vsekh ego sosedej, sokhranyaetsya vozmozhnost' balansirovat' mezhdu global'nimi igrokami v Tsentral'noj Azii - SShA, Kitaj, Rossiya, ES.
  • Uzbekistan provodit planomernuyu politiku, sposobstvuyuschuyu dostizheniyu ekonomicheskoj, prodovol'stvennoj, ekologicheskoj bezopasnosti gosudarstva, privlekaya k vzaimovigodnomu sotrudnichestvu mezhdunarodnie finansovie instituti.
  • Pri privlechenii sredstv s mezhdunarodnogo rinka kapitala Uzbekistan iskhodit iz neobkhodimosti ne previsheniya porogovikh pokazatelej vneshnego finansirovaniya, rassmatrivaya ikh kak dopolnenie k imeyuschimsya vnutrennim istochnikam.
REGIONAL'NOE RAZVITIE

Sergej Mityakov, Evgenij Mityakov Otsenka differentsiatsii regionov Rossii na osnove analiza indikatorov ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti (s.30–41)

ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost', porogovie znacheniya indikatorov, mezhregional'naya differentsiatsiya, zoni riska
Predlozhena indikativnaya sistema ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti regiona, soderzhaschaya tridtsat' indikatorov, sgruppirovannikh po desyati proektsiyam. Osnovivayas' na razrabotannoj sisteme indikatorov, proanalizirovani urovni differentsiatsii regionov po razlichnim ekonomicheskim parametram.
  • V rabote privoditsya raspredelenie srednikh znachenij i standartnikh otklonenij indikatorov po kazhdomu iz regionov po sovokupnosti tridtsati indikatorov ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti.
  • Takzhe privoditsya raspredelenie srednikh znachenij i standartnikh otklonenij indikatorov (po nomeram klasterov) po kazhdomu iz indikatorov ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti po sovokupnosti vos'midesyati regionov Rossii.
  • Proveden analiz dinamiki koeffitsientov fondov nekotorikh indikatorov ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti regionov Rossii, postroennikh v period s 1995 g. po 2013 g.

Elena Erokhina Rol' peredovikh proizvodstvennikh tekhnologij v innovatsionnom razvitii regionov Rossii (s.42–51)

innovatsionnaya vospriimchivost', peredovie proizvodstvennie tekhnologii, proizvoditel'nost' truda, tekhnologicheskaya zavisimost', innovatsionnoe razvitie regionov
Rassmatrivayutsya problemi, svyazannie s ispol'zovanie peredovikh tekhnologij v federal'nikh okrugakh i regionakh RF. Analiziruetsya vliyanie etikh tekhnologij na rost proizvoditel'nosti truda, effektivnost' natsional'noj ekonomiki i innovatsionnoe razvitie regionov.
  • Bez formirovaniya sprosa na innovatsii i sklonnosti k innovatsionnoj deyatel'nosti, tol'ko za schet uvelicheniya byudzhetnikh raskhodov i institutsional'nikh mer podderzhki innovatsionnuyu aktivnost' ne razbudit'.
  • Dlya effektivnogo razvitiya sub'ektov RF neobkhodimo usovershenstvovat' regional'nuyu sistemu upravleniya i prognozirovaniya, v kotoroj budut uchitivat'sya ne tol'ko nedostatki, no i potentsial'nie vozmozhnosti.
  • Ekonomika innovatsionnogo tipa predpolagaet aktivizatsiyu novikh faktorov razvitiya regional'nikh innovatsionnikh podsistem, kotorie v nastoyaschee vremya zadejstvovani ne v polnoj mere.
INVESTITsII I INNOVATsII

Varvara Nazarova Metodologiya analiza effektivnosti klastera (s.52–64)

regional'nie innovatsionnie klasteri, klasternij analiz, regional'naya integratsiya, otkritie innovatsii
Predlozheno avtorskoe opredelenie effektivnosti klastera, perechislyayutsya osnovnie printsipi ee otsenki. Provoditsya analiz metodov otsenki effektivnosti klastera v zavisimosti ot tseli otsenki. Na osnove provedennogo analiza formiruetsya sovokupnost' metodov, vozmozhnikh k primeneniyu na praktike.
  • Effektivnost' funktsionirovaniya klastera mozhno opredelit' kak summu vsekh vigod dlya vsekh uchastnikov, vklyuchayuschikh v sebya marketingovie, tekhnologicheskie, informatsionnie, ekonomicheskie i finansovie sostavlyayuschie.
  • Sredi suschestvuyuschikh issledovanij otsutstvuet edinaya metodologiya otsenki rezul'tativnosti deyatel'nosti klastera i viyavleniya stepeni vozdejstviya vneshnikh i vnutrennikh faktorov na itogi ego deyatel'nosti.
  • Effektivnost' klastera — eto summa vsekh vigod dlya vsekh uchastnikov, vklyuchayuschikh v sebya marketingovie, tekhnologicheskie, informatsionnie, innovatsionnie, ekonomicheskie i finansovie sostavlyayuschie.
UPRAVLENIE SOTsIAL'NIM RAZVITIEM

Igor' Balinin Finansovoe obespechenie sotsial'noj politiki v Rossijskoj Federatsii v 2008–2020 godi (s.65–70)

sotsial'naya politika, sotsial'naya sfera, novoe kachestvo zhizni, finansovoe obespechenie sotsial'noj politiki
Predstavleni rezul'tati analiza finansovogo obespecheniya sotsial'noj politiki v Rossijskoj Federatsii v 2008–2020 gg. Viyavleni klyuchevie napravleniya i prioriteti sotsial'noj politiki na federal'nom, regional'nom i mestnikh urovnyakh, razgranicheni ponyatiya «sotsial'naya politika» i «sotsial'naya sfera».
  • Sotsial'naya politika yavlyaetsya odnim iz klyuchevikh napravlenij byudzhetnoj politiki v Rossijskoj Federatsii.
  • Rezul'tati strukturnogo analiza raskhodov federal'nogo byudzheta na sotsial'nuyu politiku pokazali, chto na protyazhenii vsego issleduemogo perioda naibol'shuyu dolyu (svishe 60%) zanimaet pensionnoe obespechenie.
  • V tselyakh povisheniya effektivnosti i rezul'tativnosti raskhodov na sotsial'nuyu politiku neobkhodima razrabotka mekhanizmov pooschreniya regionov i munitsipal'nikh obrazovanij, udelyayuschikh vnimanie voprosam sotsial'noj politiki kak naibolee prioritetnim.

Vladimir Podgornij Osobennosti vzaimodejstviya sotsial'noj kul'turi i upravleniya (s.71–80)

sotsial'naya kul'tura, organizatsiya upravleniya sotsial'nim razvitiem obschestva, politika upravleniya, soznanie, mishlenie, mirovozzrenie
Rassmotreni osobennosti sotsial'noj ekonomiki kak odnogo iz faktorov effektivnosti upravleniya sotsial'nim razvitiem obschestva. Analiziruyutsya osobennosti vzaimodejstviya ekonomicheskoj i politicheskoj kul'tur v kachestve sostavlyayuschikh sotsial'noj kul'turi, a takzhe rezul'tati vliyaniya takogo vzaimodejstviya na organizatsiyu i politiku upravleniya sotsial'nim razvitiem obschestva.
  • Sistemnij protsess organizatsii upravleniya rassmatrivaetsya kak sposob vozdejstviya gosudarstva na sotsial'nuyu kul'turu s tsel'yu sovershenstvovaniya ee sostavlyayuschikh — sotsial'nogo soznaniya, znanij, mishleniya i mirovozzreniya.
  • Sotsial'naya kul'tura kak faktor effektivnosti upravleniya obladaet dualisticheskoj prirodoj v silu ee napravlennosti, s odnoj storoni, na ekonomiku, s drugoj — na politiku, opredelyaya tem samim ee formirovanie iz sovokupnosti vzaimosvyazannikh i vzaimozavisimikh kul'tur — ekonomicheskoj i politicheskoj.
  • Sotsial'naya kul'tura vo vzaimodejstvii ekonomicheskoj i politicheskoj kul'tur kak dvizhuschaya sila organizatsii upravleniya pozvolyaet formirovat' effektivnuyu politiku upravleniya i opredelyaet effektivnost' upravleniya sotsial'nim razvitiem obschestva.
UPRAVLENIE ZNANIYaMI

Anatolij Vorob'ev Model' upravleniya znaniyami: kontseptual'nie osnovi (s.81–88)

upravlenie znaniyami, byudzhetirovanie, strategicheskoe upravlenie, organizatsionnaya kontseptsiya, informatsionnaya sistema, sistema obrazovaniya
Pokazivaetsya neobkhodimost' posledovatel'nogo perekhoda ot byudzhetirovaniya k strategicheskomu planirovaniyu i k modeli upravleniya znaniyami. Raskrivaetsya kontseptual'naya osnova strategicheskogo planirovaniya i modeli upravleniya znaniyami.
  • Formirovanie uslovij dlya perekhoda ot modeli upravleniya proizvodstvom k modeli upravleniya znaniyami nachinaetsya s sistemi VPO.
  • Postroenie kachestvennoj sistemi strategicheskogo planirovaniya i upravleniya sostavlyaet bazu perekhoda k modeli upravleniya znaniyami.
  • Organizatsionnij (gumanisticheskij) podkhod k modeli upravleniya znaniyami dolzhen dominirovat' nad informatsionnoj kontseptsiej modeli.

Dar'ya Dvinskikh Opredelenie ponyatiya sposobnostej v strukture upravlencheskogo znaniya (s.89–96)

organizatsionnie sposobnosti, strategicheskij menedzhment
Argumentiruetsya neobkhodimost' fundamental'nogo pereosmisleniya kategorii organizatsionnikh sposobnostej kak elementa menedzherial'nogo znaniya i organizatsionnoj sredi. Predlagaetsya sistemnoe predstavlenie o logike videleniya sposobnostej v prostranstve organizatsionnoj deyatel'nosti i avtorskoe videnie ponyatiya sposobnostej.
  • Razvitie predstavlenij o strategicheskom upravlenii svyazano s teoriej sposobnostej i ponyatiem sposobnosti kak osnovaniem uspeshnosti deyatel'nosti organizatsij.
  • V protsesse formirovaniya teorii sposobnostej etap obosnovaniya pozitsii teorii sposobnostej v strukture upravlencheskogo znaniya, otlichitel'nikh chert i vvedeniya rodovidovogo opredeleniya sposobnostej ne bil realizovan v polnom ob'ёme.
  • V stat'e daetsya obosnovanie rodovidovogo ponyatiya sposobnostej, operirovanie kotorim pozvolit obnaruzhit' novie dlya strategicheskogo menedzhmenta mekhanizmi upravleniya organizatsionnoj dejstvitel'nost'yu.

Daniel Petrosyants, Anastasiya Svettsova Optimal'nij vibor kriteriev dlya rejtingov universitetov (s.97–107)

rejting vuza, renker, visshaya shkola, reputatsionnie oprosi, naukometriya, kvalimetriya, obrazovanie, ekspertnie otsenki
Issleduyutsya problemi optimizatsii vsestoronnej otsenki deyatel'nosti vuzov po sredstvam mezhdunarodnikh i otechestvennikh rejtingov. Osnovnoe vnimanie udeleno viboru kriteriev (pokazatelej), po kotorim formiruyutsya ranzhirovannie spiski universitetov.
  • Proekt povisheniya konkurentosposobnosti rossijskikh vuzov i vkhozhdenie ikh v top-100 mirovikh rejtingov podstegivaet vse bol'shij interes v rossijskom nauchno-obrazovatel'nom soobschestve i obschestve v tselom k institutu rejtingovaniya.
  • Sistema kriteriev razlichnikh mirovikh i natsional'nikh rejtingov suschestvenno raznitsya, chto daet vozmozhnost' vuzam, uchastvuya kak mozhno chasche v raznoobraznikh podobnikh proektakh, imet' bol'she shansov demonstrirovat' svoi naibolee sil'nie storoni i podtyagivat'sya v uyazvimikh.
  • Soobschestvo renkerov vse bol'shee vnimanie v poslednee vremya udelyaet ne global'nim mirovim rejtingam universitetov, a tak nazivaemim predmetnim rejtingam, s detalizatsiej na uzkospetsializirovannie oblasti.

Aleksej Chapligin, Aleksandr Lopatnikov Brendi universitetov i razvitie nauchnoj shkoli (s.108–113)

brend, nekommercheskij brend, renking, rejting, nauchnaya shkola
Pokazano, chto ponyatie brend v visshem obrazovanii prakticheski identichno ponyatiyu nauchnaya shkola. Na ee razvitie i dolzhni bit', po mneniyu avtorov, napravleni osnovnie usiliya rossijskikh universitetov, kotorie stremyatsya povisit' tsennost' svoikh brendov.
  • Otsutstvie obscheprinyatikh metodik formirovaniya renkingov i slozhnosti s interpretatsiej ikh rezul'tatov ogranichivayut ikh informatsionnuyu tsennost'.
  • Ryad rejtingov osnovan na izmerimikh statisticheskikh pokazatelyakh deyatel'nosti universitetov i otrazhayut libo uroven' dostizhenij v kakoj-to otdel'noj oblasti, libo stepen' udovletvorennosti studentov.
  • Samijvazhnij prakticheskij vopros — kak, ispol'zuya dannie renkinga, universiteti mogut povisit' svoe mesto v nem i virastet li pri etom real'naya tsennost' ili sila ikh brenda?
PREDPRIYaTIE

Kseniya Safronova Kontseptsiya «berezhlivoe proizvodstvo»: osobennosti ispol'zovaniya na otechestvennikh i zarubezhnikh predpriyatiyakh (s.114–119)

berezhlivoe proizvodstvo, osobennosti vnedreniya, razrezi primeneniya KBP
Analiziruyutsya osobennosti primeneniya kontseptsii «Berezhlivoe proizvodstvo» (KBP) na zarubezhnikh i rossijskikh predpriyatiyakh. Predstavleni rezul'tati issledovaniya praktiki primeneniya KBP v Rossii po geograficheskomu, otraslevomu i vozrastnomu razrezam.
  • KBP imeet osobennosti primeneniya geograficheskogo, otraslevogo i vozrastnogo kharaktera.
  • Issledovanie praktiki primeneniya KBP v Rossii pokazivaet perspektivi nauchnikh iziskanij.
  • Viyavlennie osobennosti primeneniya KBP pozvolyat uluchshit' protsess vnedreniya KBP rukovoditelyam rossijskikh kompanij.

Nina Simionova Otsenka stroitel'nikh kompanij: spetsifika primeneniya metoda diskontirovaniya denezhnogo potoka (s.120–123)

gorizont prognozirovaniya dokhodov, analiz chuvstvitel'nosti, riski, obosnovanie dokhodov, osobennosti otsenki malikh kompanij, terminal'naya stoimost'
Rassmatrivayutsya vozmozhnosti i osobennosti primeneniya metoda dokhodnogo podkhoda v otsenke stroitel'nogo biznesa. Zatragivayutsya voprosi prognozirovaniya dokhodov i opredeleniya terminal'noj stoimosti.
  • Uchitivaya nestabil'nost' stroitel'nogo biznesa, dlya ego otsenki tselesoobrazno primenenie metoda diskontirovaniya denezhnogo potoka.
  • Ob'ektivnaya otsenka mozhet bit' poluchena pri pravil'nom podkhode k prognozirovaniyu buduschikh dokhodov i zatrat, otrazhayuschem spetsifiku stroitel'nogo biznesa.
  • V protsesse otsenki ne dolzhna bit' zavishena dolya terminal'noj stoimosti v itogovoj otsenke.
UPRAVLENIE PERSONALOM

Ruslan Dolzhenko Kraudstaffing v kompanii: instrumenti i osobennosti realizatsii (s.125–132)

kraud-tekhnologii, kraudstaffing, kar'ernij portal, rekrutment personala, proforientatsiya
Analiziruyutsya vozmozhnosti ispol'zovaniya kraud-tekhnologij v upravlenii personalom, opisan opit ikh primeneniya v praktike otechestvennikh kompanij. Raskrivaetsya soderzhanie «kraudstaffinga» kak vazhnejshej kraud-tekhnologii raboti s soiskatelyami v internete. Konkretizirovani podkhodi k organizatsii «kraudstaffinga» v kompanii.
  • Kraud-tekhnologii — eto razlichnie formi ispol'zovaniya seti mnozhestva lyudej dlya sovmestnoj deyatel'nosti, peredachi opredelёnnikh proizvodstvennikh funktsij neopredelёnnomu krugu lits na osnovanii publichnoj oferti.
  • «Kraudstaffing» — eto tekhnologiya podbora personala v internete («v tolpe»), vklyuchayuschaya v sebya predvaritel'nuyu otsenku perspektivnikh soiskatelej cherez sistemi «bistrogo» distantsionnogo testirovaniya i izuchenie ikh aktivnosti v sotsial'nikh setyakh.
  • Formoj realizatsii «kraudstaffinga» yavlyaetsya prodvinutij «kar'ernij portal» so spetsial'nimi servisami.
PODGOTOVKA SPETsIALISTOV PO UPRAVLENIYu

Marina Chernikovskaya Intensifikatsiya tvorcheskoj aktivnosti rossijskogo studenchestva v period obucheniya (s.133–136)

tvorchestvo, tvorcheskaya aktivnost', studenchestvo, intensifikatsiya, faktori razvitiya, model', instrumenti
Obosnovana model' upravleniya razvitiem tvorcheskoj aktivnosti studencheskoj molodezhi. Predlozheni sredstva, metodi i priemi vozdejstviya na tvorcheskuyu aktivnost' v obrazovatel'noj srede vuza.
  • Izucheni smisl i znachenie ponyatij tvorchestvo i tvorcheskaya aktivnost'.
  • Razrabotana model' upravleniya razvitiem tvorcheskoj aktivnosti studencheskoj molodezhi.
  • Predstavleni instrumenti upravleniya razvitiem tvorcheskoj aktivnosti studencheskoj molodezhi.
TOChKA ZRENIYa

Aleksandra Gun'chenkova Stimulirovanie razvitiya mikropredprinimatel'stva cherez individual'nie potrebnosti grazhdan (s.137–141)

stimulirovanie mikropredprinimatel'stva, nalogovaya nagruzka mikropredprinimatelya, stimulirovanie cherez individual'nie potrebnosti
Predlagaetsya podkhod k mikropredprinimatel'stvu kak k osobomu vidu khozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti, osuschestvlyaemoj odnim grazhdaninom. Rassmatrivayutsya nagruzka nalogoplatel'schika i ego obyazannosti pered gosudarstvom, raskrivayutsya vozmozhnie predposilki k ukloneniyu ot ofitsial'noj registratsii deyatel'nosti.
  • Videlenie mikrobiznesa v kachestve otdel'nogo vida khozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti pomogaet osoznat' ego osobennosti i videlit' sposobi stimulirovaniya.
  • Podderzhka mikrobiznesa po svoej strukture skhodna s podderzhkoj otdel'nogo grazhdanina strani.
  • Problema vivedeniya melkogo biznesa iz tenevogo sektora ekonomiki reshaema putem peresmotra metodov stimulirovaniya mikropredprinimatel'stva.
Contents
ECONOMIC POLICY: STRATEGY AND TACTICS

Alexei Boyko Structural Gaps in State Strategic Planning System (pp.8–15)

state strategic planning, market mechanism, state planning system, planning and coordination centre, organizational structure
The author unveils the need to first conceptually and then also legally refine the organizational structure of the planning system as a whole and, on its basis, detail the functional mechanisms. A conceptual scheme for strategic planning in the RF is advanced.

, The New Technological Mode Formation as Key Mechanism of Russian Economic Efficiency (pp.16–22)

technological mode, economic systems, resources, production factors, intellectual capital, intellectual results
The authors present their classification of parameters used, over the long history of human community development, in classical types of economic systems and their technological modes. The need is substantiated for a new systemic industrialization and for shaping the technological mode of information economy.
INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

Ensuring Economic Security of the Republic of Uzbekistan under International Integration (pp.23–29)

economic security, Republic of Uzbekistan, international financial institutions, protection of national interests, developing economies, financial support
The author describes methods and mechanisms applied to ensure economic security of the Republic of Uzbekistan when attracting and using funds extended by international financial institutions. Crucial tools are mastered to raise the efficiency and attractiveness of foreign borrowings aimed at ensuring the country's national security.
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

, Evaluation of Russian Interregional Differentiation Based on the Analysis of Economic Security Indicators (pp.30–41)

economic security, threshold indicators, interregional differentiation, risk envelopes
The paper offers an indicative system of regional economic security which includes thirty indicators grouped by ten projections. Proceeding from the system of indicators developed, interregional differentiation levels in various economic parameters are analyzed.

The Role of Advanced Production Technologies in the Innovative Development of Russia's Regions (pp.42–51)

innovation responsiveness, advanced production technologies, labour productivity, technology dependence, regional innovative development
Problems related to implementing advanced technologies in RF federal districts and regions are addressed. The impact of these technologies on labour productivity growth, national economy efficiency and innovative development of the regions is researched.
INVESTMENTS AND INNOVATIONS

Methodology of Cluster Efficiency Analysis (pp.52–64)

regional innovation clusters, cluster analysis, regional integration, open innovations
The author gives her definition of cluster efficiency and lists the main principles of its assessment. Evaluation methods of cluster efficiency are investigated depending on the evaluation aim. On the basis of the analysis made, a set of potentially practicable methods is developed.
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT

Financial Support for Social Policy in the Russian Federation in 2008–2020 (pp.65–70)

social policy, social services, new quality of life, financial support for social policy
The results of analyzing the financial support for social policy in the Russian Federation in 2008–2020 are presented. Key directions and priorities of social policy at federal, regional and local levels are identified. The author differentiates between two concepts: that of 'social policy' and that of 'social services'.

The Specificity of Social Culture and Management Interaction (pp.71–80)

The Specificity of Social Culture and Management Interaction
Specific features of social economy as one of the factors contributing to efficient management of social evolution of society are discussed. The specificity of interaction between economic and political cultures as components of social culture is addressed as well as the results the impact of this interaction produces on the arrangement and policy of social development management of society.
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

Knowledge Management Model: Conceptual Foundation (pp.81–88)

knowledge management, budgeting, strategic management, organizational conception, information system, education system
The need for a coherent transition from budgeting to strategicplanning and to knowledge management model is shown. The conceptual foundation of strategic planning and knowledge management model is unfolded.

Defining the Concept of Abilities within the Structure of Management Knowledge (pp.89–96)

organizational abilities, strategic management
The author argues that the category of organizational abilities as element of managerial knowledge and organizational environment should be radically rethought. She offers a systematic understanding of the logic of detaching abilities at the background of organizational activity space, and proposes her own vision of the concept of abilities.

Daniel Petrosyants, Anastasia Svettsova Optimal Choice of Criteria for University Rating (pp.97–107)

rating of higher educational institution, ranker, high school, reputational surveys, scientometrics, qualimetry, education, expert appraisements
Problems linked with optimizing a comprehensive evaluation of universities by means of international and national ratings are investigated. Attention is focused on the choice of criteria (indicators), which help compile ranked lists of universities.

Alexei Chaplygin, University Brands and School of Thought Development (pp.108–113)

brand, non-commercial brand, ranking, rating, school of thought
It is shown that the notion of brand in higher education is practically identical with the notion of school of thought. Developing the latter is where the Russian universities aspiring to increase the value of their brands should concentrate their efforts, the authors argue.
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Lean Production Concept: Specificity of Its Application in National and Foreign Enterprises (pp.114–119)

lean production, implementation specifics, classification of LPC practice
The specificity of the lean production concept (LPC) in foreign and Russian enterprises is analyzed. The results of studying LPC practice in Russia classified by area, sector and age are mirrored.

Evaluating Construction Companies: Specificity of Applying Cash Flow Discounting Method (pp.120–123)

income forecasting horizon, sensitivity analysis, risks, justification of income, specificity of small company evaluation, terminal value
The paper highlights the chances and specificity of applying the income approach method in construction business evaluation. It deals also with issues related to income forecasting and terminal value determination.
PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Ruslan Dolzhenko Crowdstaffing in a Company: Tools and Specificity of Practicing (pp.125–132)

crowd technologies, crowdstaffing, career portal, staff recruitment, career guidance
The article considers the chances of using crowd technologies in personnel management, describes their practical use in national companies. The content of crowdstaffing — the most important crowd technology searching for candidates in the Internet — is reviewed. Approaches are detailed as to how to arrange crowdstaffing in a company.
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Boosting the Creativity of Russian Student Community during the Period of Studies (pp.133–136)

creativity, creative activity, student community, intensification, development factors, model, tools
The management model of students' creativity development is substantiated. Means, methods and techniques are proposed which impact on the creativity in the education environment of an institution of higher learning.
VIEWPOINT

Motivation of Micro-Sized Business Development through Citizens' Individual Needs (pp.137–141)

micro-sized business motivation, micro businessman's tax burden, motivation through individual needs
The author proposes an approach to micro-sized business as a special type of economic activity realized by a single citizen. The taxpayer's burden and his duties to the state are discussed, eventual premises for official registration avoidance are unveiled.