Альманах "Диалог со временем" - научное периодическое издание, специально посвященное проблемам интеллектуальной истории, которая изучает исторические аспекты всех видов творческой деятельности человека, включая ее условия, формы и результаты.
Savelieva, Irina M., Poletayev, Andrei V.
Russian Historians in Foreign Journals
Article contains analysis of all publications of Russian
historians in foreign historical journals, included in the
database Web of Science in 1993--2008. The novelty of approach
lays in combination of quantitative measures (number of articles
and their citation indices) with qualitative analysis of
publications. The latter includes distribution of articles by
type of journals and by research topics. Authors also trace
changes in quantity and content of articles over the period
Keywords: foreign historical journals, Russian
historians, scientific articles, number of citations, Web of
Seregina, Anna Yu. English translations of Catholic texts
in the late 16^th -- early 17^th centuries
The author analyses the translations of Catholic texts made in
the 16--17^th cc. and intended for the use of the English
Catholics. The study is focused on the corpus of translated
texts as well as translators and literary patrons. The choice of
books suitable for translation demonstrates that the English
Catholic community represented an early example of the success
of the principles of post-Tridentine reformed Catholicism among
the English Catholic clergy and lay elite.
Keywords: Catholic Reform, religious controversy,
history of theology, religious education, church history,
history of England.
Sirotinskaia, Maria M. The City as viewed by the `Young
America' (mid-19^th century)
The article deals with attitudes towards political and social
problems of the "great city" in the mid-19^th century shown
by the "Young America", and in particular with views of its
journal, the "Democratic Review", and works of Cornelius
Mathews who expressed faith in the triumph of civilization over
the wilderness. In Perry Miller's view, Mathews tried to capture
the impersonality of the metropolis. But this modern theme would
be more expedient to associate with Herman Melville. "Young
Americans" tended to see the city as the representation of
American life, emphasized the cultural and political influence
of New York, claiming its "Manifest Destiny".
Keywords: Young America, Herman Melville, Cornelius
Mathews, History of New York City.
Fedin, Andrey V. The idea of `noble savage' in the
17^th century `Jesuit relations'
The author addresses the problem of formation and development of
a major philosophical concepts of Modern time -- idea of
`natural man' and its ethnologic basis -- idea of `noble
savage'. This concept is to be found in `Jesuit relations' from
Canada published in France during the 17^th c. Caused by
particular missionary problems, these reports became the major
source information on life and customs of aboriginal peoples of
the North America, both for contemporaries and subsequent
generations of thinkers of the epoch of Enlightenment; the
latter tended to interpret these sources in terms of `natural
state', `natural rights' and `natural religion'.
Keywords: Jesuits, New France, missionary, relations,
savage, Jansenism, accommodation.
Zaichenko, Olga V. "Biedermeier" and "Vorm"arz": Russia
as constituting `other' at Restoration period (diaries of German
The paper analyses the stages in shaping the image of Russia
consecutive formation of Russia's image in Germany during the
Restoration period (1815--1848) in the context of social and
political debates between the conservators and the liberal
democrats. The research is based on the analysis of a voluminous
array of essays (mainly represented by travel notes) on Russia
written by German authors in the early 19th century. The
materials were retrieved from the "Rossika" collection in
the Russian National Library of St.Petersburg. The
contradictory image of Russia described by these documents is
considered as an intellectual responses of the conservators
and the liberal democrats to the shifts in social and political
situation in Germany during the restoration period.
Keywords: Russia; Germany; political struggle;
liberal russophobia; conservative russophilia.
Shneyder, Konstantin I. Historical views of early Russian
The article presents an analysis of historical views of early
Russian liberals of the mid-19^th century on the basis of
methodological concepts of the sociology of knowledge. The
author tries to interpret the originality of liberals'
conceptual approaches to the national past and specific
perception of achievements of the European civilization.
Besides, the author tries to prove relevance of considering
early Russian liberalism as an independent intellectual
phenomenon in the history of Russian social thought.
Keywords: Russian history, Early Russian Liberalism,
Europeanism, Westernisation, "Protective Liberalism".
Kryuchkov, Igor V. Karl Menger in Austrian intellectual
space (1860s -- early 20^th c.)
The article presents a biography of Karl Menger. An outstanding
Austrian thinker has influenced further development of European
liberalism and the methodology of social sciences. While
K.Menger was exploring the theory of subjective value, he
realized the necessity of more detailed macro-level research in
humanities and economic sciences. Historical and political
contexts of Austria of the last third of the 19^th -- early
20^th cc., which influenced on Menger`s activity and formation
of his point of view, are shown. A great deal of attention is
paid to the "dispute about method" between K.Menger and the
representatives of German historical school.
Keywords: Austria, liberalism, historicism,
political-economy, psychology, empire, method.
Artamoshin, Sergey V. A `theologian of law': K.Schmitt's
Catholic conservatism in search for spiritual continuity
The problem of the political power created a basis for public
activity of Karl Schmitt. His conservatism was born of the idea
that power was an instrument for making a society orderly and
secure. Thus the Weimar political system as a system of
political parties was seen as chaotic, as a period of parties'
fight for the total power which was to be followed by an
authoritarian rule of one leader.
Keywords : concept of the political power;
"friend"-"enemy" distinction; Weimar system; political
Nikolaeva, Irina Yu., Kharitonova, Nailya G. Ways of
methodological synthesis: the image of Luther and the historical
dynamics of Medieval Europe
The paper considers the Luther phenomenon as a symbol of
historical dynamics in Western Europe. The authors trace two
major trends in world historiography of Luter. The first is
focused on idea that this peculiarity was determined by mental
atmosphere of increased feelings of helplessness and fear of God
and rejected the idea that Luther's thought were based on
humanistic tradition. Another trend is centered on this content.
The authors attempt to examine this contradictory traditions
using original interdisciplinary technology; its focus is the
sphere of subconscious.
Keywords: Reformation, Luther, mentality, identity,
valuable purpose, habitus, unconsciousness.
Dubina, Vera S. `History of everyday life' in pluralism of
cultural turns: Russian and German experience
The variety of historical methods could be a result not only of
academic impact, but also political and social circumstances.
Thus, the establishment of history of everyday life in Russia
and Germany derived from different perspectives in spite of the
direct influence of German scholarship on the Russian academic
community. Political, social and other stereotypes dominated in
both societies. Furthermore, the different intentions in writing
a history of everyday life defined the role of this method in
the scholarship of both countries.
Keywords: History of everyday life, methods of
historical investigation, scholarship in Russia and Germany.
Alimova, Dilorom A. Are there any gender constructions in
the historiography of Central Asia of the three epochs
(colonial, Soviet and contemporary)?
The article deals with social, political and cultural influences
that shaped academic literature about women of Central Asia. The
author analyses historiography of three epochs -- colonial,
Soviet and contemporary -- in the context of dominant
Keywords: historiography of Central Asia; images of
women in academic literature; gender ideology.
Golikova, Svetlana V. Hysterical women (klikushi):
documents from the Ural region, 18^th -- early 20^th
The article analyzes the social and cultural phenomenon of
hysteria, its origins and historical transformation and its
changing interpretations in secular, religious and medical
discourses, using the sources from the Ural region of Russia.
A good deal of attention is paid to female bodies and the
discipline of body.
Keywords: history of Ural region, history of
medicine, hysteria and exorcism.
Novikov, Igor' A. `Variability' of history: national and
local approaches or historical myth-making?
The article analyses various aspects of the development of
metallurgical districts of the Russian Empire and the Soviet
Union. The author suggests that local or national and local
approaches enable one not only to overcome myth-making in
construing history of post-Soviet states but also to make
effective decisions in contemporary practice of national and
local government, and would not let politics and ideology
prevail over scholarly concerns.
Keywords: metallurgical works, region, national and
local approach, national history, myth-making.
Khudoleev, Aleksey N. Studies of the theory of revolution
by Piotr Tkachev in the Soviet historiography of the 1960--70s.
The article aims at reconsideration of the interpretations and
estimations of the revolutionary theory of P.N.Tkachev present
in the Soviet historiography of the late 1960s -- 1970s. The
author analyzes various approaches to key positions of the
theory of Tkachev. Attention is paid to the problems of
overcoming biased views of the role and place of Narodnichestvo
in the history of Russian revolutionary movement. The author
concludes that all interpretations were one-sided and
superficial since in the absence of methodological pluralism
they were dominated by Marxist concepts.
Keywords: P.N.Tkachev, revolutionary theory,
Soviet historiography, Narodnichestvo.
Pozharov, Alexei I. Debates in the historiography of the
Soviet state security services of 1953--1964
The author tried to analyze main trends in historiography that
refers to the history of MGB KGB of the USSR in the mid-20^th
century and paid particular attention to different judgments and
consequences of the Soviet state security services activity.
These judgments were expressed at different points within the
later 20^th century and the first decade of the 21^st
century. One of the main tasks of the author is to show the
difficulties and controversies in learning the history of
domestic secret services in the past and what factors still make
the work of the investigators in this sphere difficult.
Keywords: state security services history, MGB-KGB,
declassified documents, historic investigations, "Khrushev's
thaw", "The Cold War".
Boroznyak, Alexander I. A burden of the past lived
through: the battle of Stalingrad in the context of
In the article a little known source on the history of the
battle of Stalingrad is analysed. The book in question was
written by the former soldier, a German philosopher B.R.Bayer
and was published in 1982 when in Germany it was generally
viewed as a symbol of sacrifice. At the time some scholars spoke
of the need to `get away from the shadow of the Third Reich'.
Bayer demonstrated the true meaning of the so-called `last
letters from Stalingrad' and presented his analysis of Western
German historiography of the decisive battle of the Second World
Keywords: battle of Stalingrad, Hegel's philosophy,
historical sources, history of everyday life.
Noskov, Vladimir V. Inventing Central and Eastern Europe
(a collective monograph of Polish and French historians `History
of Central and Eastern Europe')
The article presents a collective work of the Polish and French
historians which deals with the common history of Eastern
European countries to Russian audience. Attention is paid mainly
to the critical analysis of the "Central-Eastern Europe"
concept which is considered as an ideological pattern inherited
by the modern historiography from the Cold War times as well as
an attempt to revive some Rzeczpospolita grandeur' myths.
Regarding the main concept on which the book founded as invalid,
this reviewer highly estimates the valuable contribution of his
Polish and French colleagues to the investigation of many
particular problems of Polish, Czech, Hungarian, and other
Keywords: Central-Eastern Europe, Poland, Bohemia,
Selounskaya, Nadezhda A. Famine, abundance and crisis in
the mythology of historical memory
Massimo Montanari has demonstrated the comparative history
approach towards the food history as well as the perspectives of
the multidisciplinary research in the medieval studies. The
monograph combines the elaborated research strategies (with the
elements of popularization) with detailed contextualization of
various stereotypes of historical descriptions. Dealing with the
study of the material structures Montanari investigates contexts
of the rhetoric of power as well as differences of social status
together with myths of their origins. Montanari has also puts
the focus of research on the moments of historical crises and
transformation of society, with reflections of these
transformations in historical memory.
Keywords: Every-day life structures, food history,
history and memory, crisis in history.
Shepeleva, Valrntina V. Non-classics, postmodernism
and post non-classics and cognitive practice in Russia
In this article there is an attempt to determine the parameters
of post non-classic paradigm, including its differences from
non-classics, postmodernism in terms of modern chaotic
theoretical-methodological situation in social humanities, and
in Russian historiography based on the works of I.R.Prigozhin
and his colleagues, synergy -- nonlinearity analysts,
V.S.Stepin and other Russian philosophers.
Keywords: non-classics, post-modernism, post
non-classics, nonlinearity, probability, historicism; historical
Petrova, Maya S. Biographies of Ancient and Medieval
Authors in the context of Humanities
The article presents an enlarged programme of a course
`Auxiliary historical disciplines: prosopography' for the
students of humanities specialized in historical studies
(including social, political intellectual history etc.) and the
history of Ancient and Medieval philosophy. It is suggested that
students are to have taken general courses in history and
history of philosophy and auxiliary historical disciplines
previously and to be familiar with research methods and
Keywords: prosopography, source, interpretation, person,